Mechanical activation of CaO-based adsorbents for CO2 capture

Maryam Sayyah, Yongqi Lu, Richard I. Masel, Kenneth S Suslick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The reversible cycling of CaO adsorbents to CaCO3 for high-temperature CO2 capture is substantially improved by mechanical treatment. The mechanical milling intensity and conditions of grinding (e.g., wet vs. dry, planetary vs. vibratory milling) were determined to be the main factors that control the effectiveness of the mechanochemical synthesis to enhance the recycling stability of the sorbents prepared. In addition, MgO was used as an example of an inert binder to help mitigate CaCO3 sintering. Wet planetary milling of MgO into CaCO3 allowed efficient particle size reduction and the effective dispersion of MgO throughout the particles. Wet planetary milling yielded the most stable sorbents during 50 cycles of carbonation-calcination. Having a ball with milling: The reversible cycling of CaO adsorbents to CaCO3 for high-temperature CO 2 capture is substantially improved by a mechanochemical approach. MgO has been used as an inert binder to help mitigate CaCO3 sintering. Wet planetary milling of MgO into CaCO3 allows for efficient particle size reduction and effective dispersion of MgO throughout the particles, yielding the most stable sorbents during several cycles of carbonation-calcination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-198
Number of pages6
JournalChemSusChem
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Keywords

  • CO sorption
  • ball milling
  • calcium
  • carbon storage
  • microporous materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Energy(all)

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