Measuring Parenting Practices Across Four Dimensions in Adults with Disabilities: Development of the Revised Affirmative to Problem Parenting Scale (R-APPS)

Deirdre O’Sullivan, Chelsea Brehmer, Brian N. Phillips, Jennifer L. Hanna, David R. Strauser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper summarizes the development and validation of the Revised Affirmative to Problem Parenting Scale (R-APPS) using a sample of 643 adults with disabilities. Results of exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, correlations, and reliability estimates reveal sound psychometric structure for a 4-factor scale distinguishing problem parenting practices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-312
Number of pages16
JournalMeasurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2023


  • Emotional maltreatment
  • confirmatory factor analysis
  • mandated reporters
  • parenting practices
  • scale development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)

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