Measuring dimensions of spirituality in chemical dependence treatment and recovery: Research and practice

Clayton Shorkey, Michael Uebel, Liliane C. Windsor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Spirituality and religiousness have long been associated with physical and mental health. The scientific treatment of religiosity as a multi-dimensional phenomenon is well established, especially in relation to chemical dependence treatment. Indeed, over 100 instruments are available for measuring various dimensions of religiosity. The more recent emergence of spirituality as an accepted construct in research has seen the development of a growing number of instruments to measure aspects of spirituality. The authors selected ten spirituality scales for review and discussion, and provided information relating to the scales' development, psychometrics, format, scoring, and availability. The scales are then conceptualized in terms of their aggregate and overlapping usefulness for research and practice, and suggestions are made concerning the salient dimensions of spirituality measured by each scale. The scales are presented as defining an increased sense of internalized spirituality that contributes to positive psychological and emotional outcomes underpinning recovery from chemical dependence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)286-305
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Chemical dependence treatment
  • Dimensions of spirituality
  • Spirituality
  • Spirituality scales

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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