A component of racial-ethnic-cultural (REC) identity, a sense of belonging to one’s REC group (REC Belonging; REC-B) has important implications for both individual psychological functioning and intra- and intergroup dynamics. Despite the substantial body of research on REC identity, a comprehensive and consensus definition and measurement of REC-B remains elusive. In this paper, we report the results of a systematic review and evaluation of 25 scales that attempt to define and measure REC-B or facets of it. Based on a review of the foundational theoretical and empirical literature on REC-B, we also propose a comprehensive definition of REC-B. Our study offers suggestions for future research in the area of understanding and assessing REC belongingness. This growing area of study has implications for promoting healing and well-being in BIPOC communities.
- Sense of belonging
- identity development
- racial-ethnic-cultural identity
- systematic review
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sociology and Political Science
- Psychology (miscellaneous)