Measurement of the target-normal single-spin asymmetry in deep-inelastic scattering from the reaction He 3 ↑ (e,e′)X

J. Katich, X. Qian, Y. X. Zhao, K. Allada, K. Aniol, J. R.M. Annand, T. Averett, F. Benmokhtar, W. Bertozzi, P. C. Bradshaw, P. Bosted, A. Camsonne, M. Canan, G. D. Cates, C. Chen, J. P. Chen, W. Chen, K. Chirapatpimol, E. Chudakov, E. CisbaniJ. C. Cornejo, F. Cusanno, M. M. Dalton, W. Deconinck, C. W. De Jager, R. De Leo, X. Deng, A. Deur, H. Ding, P. A.M. Dolph, C. Dutta, D. Dutta, L. El Fassi, S. Frullani, H. Gao, F. Garibaldi, D. Gaskell, S. Gilad, R. Gilman, O. Glamazdin, S. Golge, L. Guo, D. Hamilton, O. Hansen, D. W. Higinbotham, T. Holmstrom, J. Huang, M. Huang, H. F. Ibrahim, M. Iodice, X. Jiang, G. Jin, M. K. Jones, A. Kelleher, W. Kim, A. Kolarkar, W. Korsch, J. J. Lerose, X. Li, Y. Li, R. Lindgren, N. Liyanage, E. Long, H. J. Lu, D. J. Margaziotis, P. Markowitz, S. Marrone, D. McNulty, Z. E. Meziani, R. Michaels, B. Moffit, C. Muñoz Camacho, S. Nanda, A. Narayan, V. Nelyubin, B. Norum, Y. Oh, M. Osipenko, D. Parno, J. C. Peng, S. K. Phillips, M. Posik, A. J.R. Puckett, Y. Qiang, A. Rakhman, R. D. Ransome, S. Riordan, A. Saha, B. Sawatzky, E. Schulte, A. Shahinyan, M. H. Shabestari, S. Širca, S. Stepanyan, R. Subedi, V. Sulkosky, L. G. Tang, A. Tobias, G. M. Urciuoli, I. Vilardi, K. Wang, Y. Wang, B. Wojtsekhowski, X. Yan, H. Yao, Y. Ye, Z. Ye, L. Yuan, X. Zhan, Y. Zhang, Y. W. Zhang, B. Zhao, X. Zheng, L. Zhu, X. Zhu, X. Zong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We report the first measurement of the target-normal single-spin asymmetry in deep-inelastic scattering from the inclusive reaction He3↑(e,e′)X on a polarized He3 gas target. Assuming time-reversal invariance, this asymmetry is strictly zero in the Born approximation but can be nonzero if two-photon-exchange contributions are included. The experiment, conducted at Jefferson Lab using a 5.89 GeV electron beam, covers a range of 1.7<W<2.9GeV, 1.0<Q2<4.0GeV2 and 0.16<x<0.65. Neutron asymmetries were extracted using the effective nucleon polarization and measured proton-to-He3 cross-section ratios. The measured neutron asymmetries are negative with an average value of (-1.09±0.38)×10-2 for invariant mass W>2GeV, which is nonzero at the 2.89σ level. Our measured asymmetry agrees both in sign and magnitude with a two-photon-exchange model prediction that uses input from the Sivers transverse momentum distribution obtained from semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number022502
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume113
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 11 2014

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Katich, J., Qian, X., Zhao, Y. X., Allada, K., Aniol, K., Annand, J. R. M., Averett, T., Benmokhtar, F., Bertozzi, W., Bradshaw, P. C., Bosted, P., Camsonne, A., Canan, M., Cates, G. D., Chen, C., Chen, J. P., Chen, W., Chirapatpimol, K., Chudakov, E., ... Zong, X. (2014). Measurement of the target-normal single-spin asymmetry in deep-inelastic scattering from the reaction He 3 ↑ (e,e′)X. Physical review letters, 113(2), [022502]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.022502