Measurement of the charged multiplicities in b, c and light quark events from Z0 decays

K. Abe, K. Abe, I. Abt, T. Akagi, N. J. Allen, W. W. Ash, D. Aston, K. G. Baird, C. Baltay, H. R. Band, M. B. Barakat, G. Baranko, O. Bardon, T. Barklow, A. O. Bazarko, R. Ben-David, A. C. Benvenuti, G. M. Bilei, D. Bisello, G. B. lay lockJ. R. Bogart, B. Bolen, T. Bolton, G. R. Bower, J. E. Brau, M. Breidenbach, W. M. Bugg, D. Burke, T. H. Burnett, P. N. Burrows, W. Busza, A. Calcaterra, D. O. Caldwell, D. Calloway, B. Camanzi, M. Carpinelli, R. Cassell, R. Castaldi, A. Castro, M. Cavalli-Sforza, A. Chou, E. Church, H. O. Cohn, J. A. Coller, V. Cook, R. Cotton, R. E. Cowan, D. G. Coyne, G. Crawford, A. D'Oliveira, C. J.S. Damerell, M. Daoudi, R. de Sangro, R. dell'Orso, P. J. Dervan, M. Dima, D. N. Dong, P. Y.C. Du, R. Dubois, B. I. Eisenstein, R. Elia, E. Etzion, D. Falciai, C. Fan, M. J. Fero, R. Frey, K. Furuno, T. Gillman, G. Gladding, S. Gonzalez, G. D. Hallewell, E. L. Hart, J. L. Harton, A. Hasan, Y. Hasegawa, K. Hasuko, S. J. Hedges, S. S. Hertzbach, M. D. Hildreth, J. Huber, M. E. Huffer, E. W. Hughes, H. Hwang, Y. Iwasaki, D. J. Jackson, P. Jacques, J. A. Jaros, A. S. Johnson, J. R. Johnson, R. A. Johnson, T. Junk, R. Kajikawa, M. Kalelkar, H. J. Kang, I. Karliner, H. Kawahara, H. W. Kendall, Y. D. Kim, M. E. King, R. King, R. R. Kofler, N. M. Krishna, R. S. Kroeger, J. F. Labs, M. Langston, A. Lath, J. A. Lauber, D. W.G.S. Leith, V. Lia, M. X. Liu, X. Liu, M. Loreti, A. Lu, H. L. Lynch, J. Ma, G. Mancinelli, S. Manly, G. Mantovani, T. W. Markiewicz, T. Maruyama, H. Masuda, E. Mazzucato, A. K. McKemey, B. T. Meadows, R. Messner, P. M. Mockett, K. C. Moffeit, T. B. Moore, D. Muller, T. Nagamine, S. Narita, U. Nauenberg, H. Neal, M. Nussbaum, Y. Ohnishi, L. S. Osborne, R. S. Panvini, H. Park, T. J. Pavel, I. Peruzzi, M. Piccolo, L. Piemontese, E. Pieroni, K. T. Pitts, R. J. Plano, R. Prepost, C. Y. Prescott, G. D. Punkar, J. Quigley, B. N. Ratcliff, T. W. Reeves, J. Reidy, P. E. Rensing, L. S. Rochester, P. C. Rowson, J. J. Russell, O. H. Saxton, T. Schalk, R. H. Schindler, B. A. Schumm, S. Sen, V. V. Serbo, M. H. Shaevitz, J. T. Shank, G. Shapiro, D. J. Sherden, K. D. Shmakov, C. Simopoulos, N. B. Sinev, S. R. Smith, M. B. Smy, J. A. Snyder, P. Stamer, H. Steiner, R. Steiner, M. G. Strauss, D. Su, F. Suekane, A. Sugiyama, S. Suzuki, M. Swartz, A. Szumilo, T. Takahashi, F. E. Taylor, E. Torrence, A. I. Trandafir, J. D. Turk, T. Usher, J. Va'vra, C. Vannini, E. Vella, J. P. Venuti, R. Verdier, P. G. Verdini, S. R. Wagner, A. P. Waite, S. J. Watts, A. W. Weidemann, E. R. Weiss, J. S. Whitaker, S. L. White, F. J. Wickens, D. A. Williams, D. C. Williams, S. H. Williams, S. Willocq, R. J. Wilson, W. J. Wisniewski, M. Woods, G. B. Word, J. Wyss, R. K. Yamamoto, J. M. Yamartino, X. Yang, S. J. Yellin, C. C. Young, H. Yuta, G. Zapalac, R. W. Zdarko, C. Zeitlin, J. Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Average charged multiplicities have been measured separately in b, c and light quark (u, d, s) events from Z0 decays measured in the SLD experiment. Impact parameters of charged tracks were used to select enriched samples of b and light quark events, and reconstructed charmed mesons were used to select quark events. We measured the charged multiplicities: n̄uds = 20.21 ± 0.10(stat.) ± 0.22(syst.), n̄c = 21.28 ± 0.46(stat.)+0.41-0.36(syst.) and n̄b = 23.14 ± 0.10(stat.)+0.38-0.37(syst.), from which we derived the differences between the total average charged multiplicities of c or b quark events and light quark events: Δn̄c = 1.07 ± 0.47(stat.)+0.36-0.30(syst.) and Δn̄b = 2.93 ± 0.14(stat.)+0.30-0.29(syst). We compared these measurements with those at lower center-of-mass energies and with perturbative QCD predictions. These combined results are in agreement with the QCD expectations and disfavor the hypothesis of flavor-independent fragmentation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)475-485
Number of pages11
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume386
Issue number1-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 3 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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    Abe, K., Abe, K., Abt, I., Akagi, T., Allen, N. J., Ash, W. W., Aston, D., Baird, K. G., Baltay, C., Band, H. R., Barakat, M. B., Baranko, G., Bardon, O., Barklow, T., Bazarko, A. O., Ben-David, R., Benvenuti, A. C., Bilei, G. M., Bisello, D., ... Zhou, J. (1996). Measurement of the charged multiplicities in b, c and light quark events from Z0 decays. Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, 386(1-4), 475-485. https://doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(96)01025-8