Measurement of "pretzelosity" asymmetry of charged pion production in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering on a polarized He 3 target

Y. Zhang, X. Qian, K. Allada, C. Dutta, J. Huang, J. Katich, Y. Wang, K. Aniol, J. R.M. Annand, T. Averett, F. Benmokhtar, W. Bertozzi, P. C. Bradshaw, P. Bosted, A. Camsonne, M. Canan, G. D. Cates, C. Chen, J. P. Chen, W. ChenK. Chirapatpimol, E. Chudakov, E. Cisbani, J. C. Cornejo, F. Cusanno, M. M. Dalton, W. Deconinck, C. W. De Jager, R. De Leo, X. Deng, A. Deur, H. Ding, P. A.M. Dolph, D. Dutta, L. El Fassi, S. Frullani, H. Gao, F. Garibaldi, D. Gaskell, S. Gilad, R. Gilman, O. Glamazdin, S. Golge, L. Guo, D. Hamilton, O. Hansen, D. W. Higinbotham, T. Holmstrom, M. Huang, H. F. Ibrahim, M. Iodice, X. Jiang, G. Jin, M. K. Jones, A. Kelleher, W. Kim, A. Kolarkar, W. Korsch, J. J. Lerose, X. Li, Y. Li, R. Lindgren, N. Liyanage, E. Long, H. J. Lu, D. J. Margaziotis, P. Markowitz, S. Marrone, D. McNulty, Z. E. Meziani, R. Michaels, B. Moffit, C. Muñoz Camacho, S. Nanda, A. Narayan, V. Nelyubin, B. Norum, Y. Oh, M. Osipenko, D. Parno, J. C. Peng, S. K. Phillips, M. Posik, A. J.R. Puckett, Y. Qiang, A. Rakhman, R. D. Ransome, S. Riordan, A. Saha, B. Sawatzky, E. Schulte, A. Shahinyan, M. H. Shabestari, S. Širca, S. Stepanyan, R. Subedi, V. Sulkosky, L. G. Tang, W. A. Tobias, G. M. Urciuoli, I. Vilardi, K. Wang, B. Wojtsekhowski, X. Yan, H. Yao, Y. Ye, Z. Ye, L. Yuan, X. Zhan, Y. W. Zhang, B. Zhao, X. Zheng, L. Zhu, X. Zhu, X. Zong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

An experiment to measure single-spin asymmetries of semi-inclusive production of charged pions in deep-inelastic scattering on a transversely polarized He3 target was performed at Jefferson Laboratory in the kinematic region of 0.16<x<0.35 and 1.4<Q2<2.7 GeV2. Pretzelosity asymmetries on He3, which are expressed as the convolution of the h1T⊥ transverse-momentum-dependent distribution functions and the Collins fragmentation functions in the leading order, were measured for the first time. Under the effective polarization approximation, we extracted the corresponding neutron asymmetries from the measured He3 asymmetries and cross-section ratios between the proton and He3. Our results show that both π± on He3 and on neutron pretzelosity asymmetries are consistent with zero within experimental uncertainties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number055209
JournalPhysical Review C - Nuclear Physics
Volume90
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 24 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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    Zhang, Y., Qian, X., Allada, K., Dutta, C., Huang, J., Katich, J., Wang, Y., Aniol, K., Annand, J. R. M., Averett, T., Benmokhtar, F., Bertozzi, W., Bradshaw, P. C., Bosted, P., Camsonne, A., Canan, M., Cates, G. D., Chen, C., Chen, J. P., ... Zong, X. (2014). Measurement of "pretzelosity" asymmetry of charged pion production in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering on a polarized He 3 target. Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics, 90(5), [055209]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.90.055209