Measurement of higher cumulants of net-charge multiplicity distributions in Au + Au collisions at sNN =7.7-200 GeV

PHENIX Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We report the measurement of cumulants (Cn,n=1,⋯,4) of the net-charge distributions measured within pseudorapidity (|η|<0.35) in Au+Au collisions at sNN=7.7-200GeV with the PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. The ratios of cumulants (e.g., C1/C2, C3/C1) of the net-charge distributions, which can be related to volume independent susceptibility ratios, are studied as a function of centrality and energy. These quantities are important to understand the quantum-chromodynamics phase diagram and possible existence of a critical end point. The measured values are very well described by expectation from negative binomial distributions. We do not observe any nonmonotonic behavior in the ratios of the cumulants as a function of collision energy. The measured values of C1/C2 and C3/C1 can be directly compared to lattice quantum-chromodynamics calculations and thus allow extraction of both the chemical freeze-out temperature and the baryon chemical potential at each center-of-mass energy. The extracted baryon chemical potentials are in excellent agreement with a thermal-statistical analysis model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number011901
JournalPhysical Review C
Volume93
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 19 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Measurement of higher cumulants of net-charge multiplicity distributions in Au + Au collisions at sNN =7.7-200 GeV'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this