Measurement of heat transfer coefficient and pressure drop during evaporation of R134a in new type facility with one pass flow through microchannel tube

Houpei Li, Pega Hrnjak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A new facility has been built for experimental study on microchannel and introduced in this paper. Six heat transfer coefficient and six pressure drop measurements can be conducted simultaneously in one pass from vapor quality of 0 to 1 on the facility. Two water-jacket-design heat exchangers are placed top and bottom on each test section for heating the refrigerant. In each test section, the top and bottom sides are heated and controlled separately to ensure uniform conditions. The environmental heat loss and wall temperature measurements are corrected to increases confidence of results. Port geometry is measured with an optical microscope. Heat transfer coefficient and pressure drop of R134a are measured in a 24-port microchannel tube. The single-phase pressure drop follows the rule of round tube and fRe is 64. The single-phase Nusselt number is more sensitive to Reynolds number, compared to large tubes. As vapor quality increases, two-phase pressure drop increases until quality of 0.9, and then stops increasing or even drops; two-phase heat transfer coefficient increases until quality of 0.5 to 0.6 and then drops. Higher mass flux or lower saturation temperature will increase the pressure drop. Heat flux and mass flux have strong impact on heat transfer coefficient, and the effect of saturation temperature is not clear.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)502-512
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume115
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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