Maximizing Throughput of Overprovisioned HPC Data Centers under a Strict Power Budget

Osman Sarood, Akhil Langer, Abhishek Gupta, Laxmikant Kale

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Building future generation supercomputers while constraining their power consumption is one of the biggest challenges faced by the HPC community. For example, US Department of Energy has set a goal of 20 MW for an exascale (1018 flops) supercomputer. To realize this goal, a lot of research is being done to revolutionize hardware design to build power efficient computers and network interconnects. In this work, we propose a software-based online resource management system that leverages hardware facilitated capability to constrain the power consumption of each node in order to optimally allocate power and nodes to a job. Our scheme uses this hardware capability in conjunction with an adaptive runtime system that can dynamically change the resource configuration of a running job allowing our resource manager to re-optimize allocation decisions to running jobs as new jobs arrive, or a running job terminates. We also propose a performance modeling scheme that estimates the essential power characteristics of a job at any scale. The proposed online resource manager uses these performance characteristics for making scheduling and resource allocation decisions that maximize the job throughput of the supercomputer under a given power budget. We demonstrate the benefits of our approach by using a mix of jobs with different power response characteristics. We show that with a power budget of 4:75 MW, we can obtain up to 5:2X improvement in job throughput when compared with the SLURM scheduling policy that is power-unaware. We corroborate our results with real experiments on a relatively small scale cluster, in which we obtain a 1:7X improvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7013053
Pages (from-to)807-818
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis, SC
Volume2015-January
Issue numberJanuary
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 16 2014
EventInternational Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis, SC 2014 - New Orleans, United States
Duration: Nov 16 2014Nov 21 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Software

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