Maximizing Avian Wellness Examinations

Kenneth R. Welle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Preventive health care for companion birds requires a thorough knowledge of diagnostic and therapeutic medicine. Subclinical health problems are common in pet birds and can be detected with regular examinations and diagnostics. In most cases, environmental, nutritional, and behavioral management of pet avian species can be improved, even if there are no current health problems affecting the bird(s) being examined. By obtaining a thorough history from the client and medical evaluation of the bird, including risk assessment, appropriate diagnostics, and comprehensive intervention, the value of wellness care to the avian patient is maximized.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)86-97
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Exotic Pet Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2011


  • Enrichment
  • Exercise
  • Nutrition
  • Preventive health care
  • Risk assessment
  • Wellness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Veterinary


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