Matter imprints in waveform models for neutron star binaries: Tidal and self-spin effects

Tim Dietrich, Sebastian Khan, Reetika Dudi, Shasvath J. Kapadia, Prayush Kumar, Alessandro Nagar, Frank Ohme, Francesco Pannarale, Anuradha Samajdar, Sebastiano Bernuzzi, Gregorio Carullo, Walter Del Pozzo, Maria Haney, Charalampos Markakis, Michael Pürrer, Gunnar Riemenschneider, Yoshinta Eka Setyawati, Ka Wa Tsang, Chris Van Den Broeck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The combined observation of gravitational and electromagnetic waves from the coalescence of two neutron stars marks the beginning of multimessenger astronomy with gravitational waves (GWs). The development of accurate gravitational waveform models is a crucial prerequisite to extract information about the properties of the binary system that generated a detected GW signal. In binary neutron star systems (BNS), tidal effects also need to be incorporated in the modeling for an accurate waveform representation. Building on previous work [Phys. Rev. D 96, 121501 (2017)PRVDAQ2470-001010.1103/PhysRevD.96.121501], we explore the performance of inspiral-merger waveform models that are obtained by adding a numerical relativity (NR) based approximant for the tidal part of the phasing (NRTidal) to existing models for nonprecessing and precessing binary black hole systems, as implemented in the LSC Algorithm Library Suite. The resulting BNS waveforms are compared and contrasted to a set of target waveforms which we obtain by hybridizing NR waveforms (covering the last ∼10 orbits up to the merger and extending through the postmerger phase) with inspiral waveforms calculated from 30 Hz obtained with a state-of-the-art effective-one-body waveform model. While due to the construction procedure of the target waveforms, there is no error budget available over the full frequency range accessible by advanced GW detectors, the waveform set presents only an approximation of the real signal. We probe that the combination of the self-spin terms and of the NRTidal description is necessary to obtain minimal mismatches (0.01) and phase differences (1 rad) with respect to the target waveforms. We also discuss possible improvements and drawbacks of the NRTidal approximant in its current form.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number024029
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 15 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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