Matrix metalloproteinase-9 activity in the cerebrospinal fluid and serum of dogs with acute spinal cord trauma from intervertebral disk disease

Jonathan M. Levine, Craig G. Ruaux, Robert L. Bergman, Joan R. Coates, Jörg M. Steiner, David A. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective - To detect matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 in serum and CSF and determine relationships between MMP activity and severity of disease, duration of clinical signs, and duration of hospitalization in dogs with acute intervertebral disk disease (IVDD). Animals - 35 dogs with acute IVDD and 8 clinically normal control dogs. Procedure - CSF and serum were collected from affected and control dogs. Zymography was used to detect MMP-9. Results - Activity of MMP-9 in CSF was detected in 6 of 35 dogs with IVDD; activity was significantly more common in dogs with duration of signs < 24 hours. Paraplegic dogs were more likely to have MMP-9 activity in the CSF than non-paraplegic dogs. No significant difference in hospitalization time was detected in dogs with IVDD between those with and without activity of MMP-9 in the CSF. Serum MMP-9 was detected more frequently in dogs with IVDD than in control dogs. Conclusions and clinical relevance - Data were consistent with results of experimental rodent spinal cord injury studies that indicate that MMP-9 is expressed early during secondary injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-287
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of veterinary research
Volume67
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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