Mass Calibration of Optically Selected des Clusters Using a Measurement of CMB-cluster Lensing with SPTpol Data

S. Raghunathan, S. Patil, E. Baxter, B. A. Benson, L. E. Bleem, T. L. Chou, T. M. Crawford, G. P. Holder, T. McClintock, C. L. Reichardt, E. Rozo, T. N. Varga, T. M.C. Abbott, P. A.R. Ade, S. Allam, A. J. Anderson, J. Annis, J. E. Austermann, S. Avila, J. A. BeallK. Bechtol, A. N. Bender, G. Bernstein, E. Bertin, F. Bianchini, D. Brooks, D. L. Burke, J. E. Carlstrom, J. Carretero, C. L. Chang, H. C. Chiang, H. M. Cho, R. Citron, A. T. Crites, C. E. Cunha, L. N.Da Costa, C. Davis, S. Desai, H. T. Diehl, J. P. Dietrich, M. A. Dobbs, P. Doel, T. F. Eifler, W. Everett, A. E. Evrard, B. Flaugher, P. Fosalba, J. Frieman, J. Gallicchio, J. García-Bellido, E. Gaztanaga, E. M. George, A. Gilbert, D. Gruen, R. A. Gruendl, J. Gschwend, N. Gupta, G. Gutierrez, T. De Haan, N. W. Halverson, N. Harrington, W. G. Hartley, J. W. Henning, G. C. Hilton, D. L. Hollowood, W. L. Holzapfel, K. Honscheid, Z. Hou, B. Hoyle, J. D. Hrubes, N. Huang, J. Hubmayr, K. D. Irwin, D. J. James, T. Jeltema, A. G. Kim, M. Carrasco Kind, L. Knox, A. Kovacs, K. Kuehn, N. Kuropatkin, A. T. Lee, T. S. Li, M. Lima, M. A.G. Maia, J. L. Marshall, J. J. McMahon, P. Melchior, F. Menanteau, S. S. Meyer, C. J. Miller, R. Miquel, L. Mocanu, J. Montgomery, A. Nadolski, T. Natoli, J. P. Nibarger, V. Novosad, S. Padin, A. A. Plazas, C. Pryke, D. Rapetti, A. K. Romer, A. Carnero Rosell, J. E. Ruhl, B. R. Saliwanchik, E. Sanchez, J. T. Sayre, V. Scarpine, K. K. Schaffer, M. Schubnell, S. Serrano, I. Sevilla-Noarbe, G. Smecher, R. C. Smith, M. Soares-Santos, F. Sobreira, A. A. Stark, K. T. Story, E. Suchyta, M. E.C. Swanson, G. Tarle, D. Thomas, C. Tucker, K. Vanderlinde, J. De Vicente, J. D. Vieira, G. Wang, N. Whitehorn, W. L.K. Wu, Y. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We use cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature maps from the 500 deg 2 SPTpol survey to measure the stacked lensing convergence of galaxy clusters from the Dark Energy Survey (DES) Year-3 redMaPPer (RM) cluster catalog. The lensing signal is extracted through a modified quadratic estimator designed to be unbiased by the thermal Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (tSZ) effect. The modified estimator uses a tSZ-free map, constructed from the SPTpol 95 and 150 GHz data sets, to estimate the background CMB gradient. For lensing reconstruction, we employ two versions of the RM catalog: a flux-limited sample containing 4003 clusters and a volume-limited sample with 1741 clusters. We detect lensing at a significance of 8.7σ(6.7σ) with the flux (volume)-limited sample. By modeling the reconstructed convergence using the Navarro-Frenk-White profile, we find the average lensing masses to be M 200m = (1.62 -0.25 +0.32 [stat] ± 0.04 [sys.]) and (1.28 -0.18 +0.14 [stat] ± 0.03[sys.])× 10 14 M for the volume- and flux-limited samples, respectively. The systematic error budget is much smaller than the statistical uncertainty and is dominated by the uncertainties in the RM cluster centroids. We use the volume-limited sample to calibrate the normalization of the mass-richness scaling relation, and find a result consistent with the galaxy weak-lensing measurements from DES.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number170
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume872
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

calibration
microwaves
dark energy
estimators
catalogs
galaxies
energy
systematic errors
budgets
centroids
microwave
scaling
gradients
modeling
estimates
profiles
temperature
budget
normalisation
effect

Keywords

  • cosmic background radiation
  • galaxies: clusters: general
  • gravitational lensing: weak

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Raghunathan, S., Patil, S., Baxter, E., Benson, B. A., Bleem, L. E., Chou, T. L., ... Zhang, Y. (2019). Mass Calibration of Optically Selected des Clusters Using a Measurement of CMB-cluster Lensing with SPTpol Data. Astrophysical Journal, 872(2), [170]. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab01ca

Mass Calibration of Optically Selected des Clusters Using a Measurement of CMB-cluster Lensing with SPTpol Data. / Raghunathan, S.; Patil, S.; Baxter, E.; Benson, B. A.; Bleem, L. E.; Chou, T. L.; Crawford, T. M.; Holder, G. P.; McClintock, T.; Reichardt, C. L.; Rozo, E.; Varga, T. N.; Abbott, T. M.C.; Ade, P. A.R.; Allam, S.; Anderson, A. J.; Annis, J.; Austermann, J. E.; Avila, S.; Beall, J. A.; Bechtol, K.; Bender, A. N.; Bernstein, G.; Bertin, E.; Bianchini, F.; Brooks, D.; Burke, D. L.; Carlstrom, J. E.; Carretero, J.; Chang, C. L.; Chiang, H. C.; Cho, H. M.; Citron, R.; Crites, A. T.; Cunha, C. E.; Costa, L. N.Da; Davis, C.; Desai, S.; Diehl, H. T.; Dietrich, J. P.; Dobbs, M. A.; Doel, P.; Eifler, T. F.; Everett, W.; Evrard, A. E.; Flaugher, B.; Fosalba, P.; Frieman, J.; Gallicchio, J.; García-Bellido, J.; Gaztanaga, E.; George, E. M.; Gilbert, A.; Gruen, D.; Gruendl, R. A.; Gschwend, J.; Gupta, N.; Gutierrez, G.; Haan, T. De; Halverson, N. W.; Harrington, N.; Hartley, W. G.; Henning, J. W.; Hilton, G. C.; Hollowood, D. L.; Holzapfel, W. L.; Honscheid, K.; Hou, Z.; Hoyle, B.; Hrubes, J. D.; Huang, N.; Hubmayr, J.; Irwin, K. D.; James, D. J.; Jeltema, T.; Kim, A. G.; Kind, M. Carrasco; Knox, L.; Kovacs, A.; Kuehn, K.; Kuropatkin, N.; Lee, A. T.; Li, T. S.; Lima, M.; Maia, M. A.G.; Marshall, J. L.; McMahon, J. J.; Melchior, P.; Menanteau, F.; Meyer, S. S.; Miller, C. J.; Miquel, R.; Mocanu, L.; Montgomery, J.; Nadolski, A.; Natoli, T.; Nibarger, J. P.; Novosad, V.; Padin, S.; Plazas, A. A.; Pryke, C.; Rapetti, D.; Romer, A. K.; Rosell, A. Carnero; Ruhl, J. E.; Saliwanchik, B. R.; Sanchez, E.; Sayre, J. T.; Scarpine, V.; Schaffer, K. K.; Schubnell, M.; Serrano, S.; Sevilla-Noarbe, I.; Smecher, G.; Smith, R. C.; Soares-Santos, M.; Sobreira, F.; Stark, A. A.; Story, K. T.; Suchyta, E.; Swanson, M. E.C.; Tarle, G.; Thomas, D.; Tucker, C.; Vanderlinde, K.; Vicente, J. De; Vieira, J. D.; Wang, G.; Whitehorn, N.; Wu, W. L.K.; Zhang, Y.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 872, No. 2, 170, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Raghunathan, S, Patil, S, Baxter, E, Benson, BA, Bleem, LE, Chou, TL, Crawford, TM, Holder, GP, McClintock, T, Reichardt, CL, Rozo, E, Varga, TN, Abbott, TMC, Ade, PAR, Allam, S, Anderson, AJ, Annis, J, Austermann, JE, Avila, S, Beall, JA, Bechtol, K, Bender, AN, Bernstein, G, Bertin, E, Bianchini, F, Brooks, D, Burke, DL, Carlstrom, JE, Carretero, J, Chang, CL, Chiang, HC, Cho, HM, Citron, R, Crites, AT, Cunha, CE, Costa, LND, Davis, C, Desai, S, Diehl, HT, Dietrich, JP, Dobbs, MA, Doel, P, Eifler, TF, Everett, W, Evrard, AE, Flaugher, B, Fosalba, P, Frieman, J, Gallicchio, J, García-Bellido, J, Gaztanaga, E, George, EM, Gilbert, A, Gruen, D, Gruendl, RA, Gschwend, J, Gupta, N, Gutierrez, G, Haan, TD, Halverson, NW, Harrington, N, Hartley, WG, Henning, JW, Hilton, GC, Hollowood, DL, Holzapfel, WL, Honscheid, K, Hou, Z, Hoyle, B, Hrubes, JD, Huang, N, Hubmayr, J, Irwin, KD, James, DJ, Jeltema, T, Kim, AG, Kind, MC, Knox, L, Kovacs, A, Kuehn, K, Kuropatkin, N, Lee, AT, Li, TS, Lima, M, Maia, MAG, Marshall, JL, McMahon, JJ, Melchior, P, Menanteau, F, Meyer, SS, Miller, CJ, Miquel, R, Mocanu, L, Montgomery, J, Nadolski, A, Natoli, T, Nibarger, JP, Novosad, V, Padin, S, Plazas, AA, Pryke, C, Rapetti, D, Romer, AK, Rosell, AC, Ruhl, JE, Saliwanchik, BR, Sanchez, E, Sayre, JT, Scarpine, V, Schaffer, KK, Schubnell, M, Serrano, S, Sevilla-Noarbe, I, Smecher, G, Smith, RC, Soares-Santos, M, Sobreira, F, Stark, AA, Story, KT, Suchyta, E, Swanson, MEC, Tarle, G, Thomas, D, Tucker, C, Vanderlinde, K, Vicente, JD, Vieira, JD, Wang, G, Whitehorn, N, Wu, WLK & Zhang, Y 2019, 'Mass Calibration of Optically Selected des Clusters Using a Measurement of CMB-cluster Lensing with SPTpol Data', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 872, no. 2, 170. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab01ca
Raghunathan, S. ; Patil, S. ; Baxter, E. ; Benson, B. A. ; Bleem, L. E. ; Chou, T. L. ; Crawford, T. M. ; Holder, G. P. ; McClintock, T. ; Reichardt, C. L. ; Rozo, E. ; Varga, T. N. ; Abbott, T. M.C. ; Ade, P. A.R. ; Allam, S. ; Anderson, A. J. ; Annis, J. ; Austermann, J. E. ; Avila, S. ; Beall, J. A. ; Bechtol, K. ; Bender, A. N. ; Bernstein, G. ; Bertin, E. ; Bianchini, F. ; Brooks, D. ; Burke, D. L. ; Carlstrom, J. E. ; Carretero, J. ; Chang, C. L. ; Chiang, H. C. ; Cho, H. M. ; Citron, R. ; Crites, A. T. ; Cunha, C. E. ; Costa, L. N.Da ; Davis, C. ; Desai, S. ; Diehl, H. T. ; Dietrich, J. P. ; Dobbs, M. A. ; Doel, P. ; Eifler, T. F. ; Everett, W. ; Evrard, A. E. ; Flaugher, B. ; Fosalba, P. ; Frieman, J. ; Gallicchio, J. ; García-Bellido, J. ; Gaztanaga, E. ; George, E. M. ; Gilbert, A. ; Gruen, D. ; Gruendl, R. A. ; Gschwend, J. ; Gupta, N. ; Gutierrez, G. ; Haan, T. De ; Halverson, N. W. ; Harrington, N. ; Hartley, W. G. ; Henning, J. W. ; Hilton, G. C. ; Hollowood, D. L. ; Holzapfel, W. L. ; Honscheid, K. ; Hou, Z. ; Hoyle, B. ; Hrubes, J. D. ; Huang, N. ; Hubmayr, J. ; Irwin, K. D. ; James, D. J. ; Jeltema, T. ; Kim, A. G. ; Kind, M. Carrasco ; Knox, L. ; Kovacs, A. ; Kuehn, K. ; Kuropatkin, N. ; Lee, A. T. ; Li, T. S. ; Lima, M. ; Maia, M. A.G. ; Marshall, J. L. ; McMahon, J. J. ; Melchior, P. ; Menanteau, F. ; Meyer, S. S. ; Miller, C. J. ; Miquel, R. ; Mocanu, L. ; Montgomery, J. ; Nadolski, A. ; Natoli, T. ; Nibarger, J. P. ; Novosad, V. ; Padin, S. ; Plazas, A. A. ; Pryke, C. ; Rapetti, D. ; Romer, A. K. ; Rosell, A. Carnero ; Ruhl, J. E. ; Saliwanchik, B. R. ; Sanchez, E. ; Sayre, J. T. ; Scarpine, V. ; Schaffer, K. K. ; Schubnell, M. ; Serrano, S. ; Sevilla-Noarbe, I. ; Smecher, G. ; Smith, R. C. ; Soares-Santos, M. ; Sobreira, F. ; Stark, A. A. ; Story, K. T. ; Suchyta, E. ; Swanson, M. E.C. ; Tarle, G. ; Thomas, D. ; Tucker, C. ; Vanderlinde, K. ; Vicente, J. De ; Vieira, J. D. ; Wang, G. ; Whitehorn, N. ; Wu, W. L.K. ; Zhang, Y. / Mass Calibration of Optically Selected des Clusters Using a Measurement of CMB-cluster Lensing with SPTpol Data. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2019 ; Vol. 872, No. 2.
@article{ee67b30f2aaf4f4fb9080f9023c3919e,
title = "Mass Calibration of Optically Selected des Clusters Using a Measurement of CMB-cluster Lensing with SPTpol Data",
abstract = "We use cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature maps from the 500 deg 2 SPTpol survey to measure the stacked lensing convergence of galaxy clusters from the Dark Energy Survey (DES) Year-3 redMaPPer (RM) cluster catalog. The lensing signal is extracted through a modified quadratic estimator designed to be unbiased by the thermal Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (tSZ) effect. The modified estimator uses a tSZ-free map, constructed from the SPTpol 95 and 150 GHz data sets, to estimate the background CMB gradient. For lensing reconstruction, we employ two versions of the RM catalog: a flux-limited sample containing 4003 clusters and a volume-limited sample with 1741 clusters. We detect lensing at a significance of 8.7σ(6.7σ) with the flux (volume)-limited sample. By modeling the reconstructed convergence using the Navarro-Frenk-White profile, we find the average lensing masses to be M 200m = (1.62 -0.25 +0.32 [stat] ± 0.04 [sys.]) and (1.28 -0.18 +0.14 [stat] ± 0.03[sys.])× 10 14 M ⊙ for the volume- and flux-limited samples, respectively. The systematic error budget is much smaller than the statistical uncertainty and is dominated by the uncertainties in the RM cluster centroids. We use the volume-limited sample to calibrate the normalization of the mass-richness scaling relation, and find a result consistent with the galaxy weak-lensing measurements from DES.",
keywords = "cosmic background radiation, galaxies: clusters: general, gravitational lensing: weak",
author = "S. Raghunathan and S. Patil and E. Baxter and Benson, {B. A.} and Bleem, {L. E.} and Chou, {T. L.} and Crawford, {T. M.} and Holder, {G. P.} and T. McClintock and Reichardt, {C. L.} and E. Rozo and Varga, {T. N.} and Abbott, {T. M.C.} and Ade, {P. A.R.} and S. Allam and Anderson, {A. J.} and J. Annis and Austermann, {J. E.} and S. Avila and Beall, {J. A.} and K. Bechtol and Bender, {A. N.} and G. Bernstein and E. Bertin and F. Bianchini and D. Brooks and Burke, {D. L.} and Carlstrom, {J. E.} and J. Carretero and Chang, {C. L.} and Chiang, {H. C.} and Cho, {H. M.} and R. Citron and Crites, {A. T.} and Cunha, {C. E.} and Costa, {L. N.Da} and C. Davis and S. Desai and Diehl, {H. T.} and Dietrich, {J. P.} and Dobbs, {M. A.} and P. Doel and Eifler, {T. F.} and W. Everett and Evrard, {A. E.} and B. Flaugher and P. Fosalba and J. Frieman and J. Gallicchio and J. Garc{\'i}a-Bellido and E. Gaztanaga and George, {E. M.} and A. Gilbert and D. Gruen and Gruendl, {R. A.} and J. Gschwend and N. Gupta and G. Gutierrez and Haan, {T. De} and Halverson, {N. W.} and N. Harrington and Hartley, {W. G.} and Henning, {J. W.} and Hilton, {G. C.} and Hollowood, {D. L.} and Holzapfel, {W. L.} and K. Honscheid and Z. Hou and B. Hoyle and Hrubes, {J. D.} and N. Huang and J. Hubmayr and Irwin, {K. D.} and James, {D. J.} and T. Jeltema and Kim, {A. G.} and Kind, {M. Carrasco} and L. Knox and A. Kovacs and K. Kuehn and N. Kuropatkin and Lee, {A. T.} and Li, {T. S.} and M. Lima and Maia, {M. A.G.} and Marshall, {J. L.} and McMahon, {J. J.} and P. Melchior and F. Menanteau and Meyer, {S. S.} and Miller, {C. J.} and R. Miquel and L. Mocanu and J. Montgomery and A. Nadolski and T. Natoli and Nibarger, {J. P.} and V. Novosad and S. Padin and Plazas, {A. A.} and C. Pryke and D. Rapetti and Romer, {A. K.} and Rosell, {A. Carnero} and Ruhl, {J. E.} and Saliwanchik, {B. R.} and E. Sanchez and Sayre, {J. T.} and V. Scarpine and Schaffer, {K. K.} and M. Schubnell and S. Serrano and I. Sevilla-Noarbe and G. Smecher and Smith, {R. C.} and M. Soares-Santos and F. Sobreira and Stark, {A. A.} and Story, {K. T.} and E. Suchyta and Swanson, {M. E.C.} and G. Tarle and D. Thomas and C. Tucker and K. Vanderlinde and Vicente, {J. De} and Vieira, {J. D.} and G. Wang and N. Whitehorn and Wu, {W. L.K.} and Y. Zhang",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3847/1538-4357/ab01ca",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "872",
journal = "Astrophysical Journal",
issn = "0004-637X",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mass Calibration of Optically Selected des Clusters Using a Measurement of CMB-cluster Lensing with SPTpol Data

AU - Raghunathan, S.

AU - Patil, S.

AU - Baxter, E.

AU - Benson, B. A.

AU - Bleem, L. E.

AU - Chou, T. L.

AU - Crawford, T. M.

AU - Holder, G. P.

AU - McClintock, T.

AU - Reichardt, C. L.

AU - Rozo, E.

AU - Varga, T. N.

AU - Abbott, T. M.C.

AU - Ade, P. A.R.

AU - Allam, S.

AU - Anderson, A. J.

AU - Annis, J.

AU - Austermann, J. E.

AU - Avila, S.

AU - Beall, J. A.

AU - Bechtol, K.

AU - Bender, A. N.

AU - Bernstein, G.

AU - Bertin, E.

AU - Bianchini, F.

AU - Brooks, D.

AU - Burke, D. L.

AU - Carlstrom, J. E.

AU - Carretero, J.

AU - Chang, C. L.

AU - Chiang, H. C.

AU - Cho, H. M.

AU - Citron, R.

AU - Crites, A. T.

AU - Cunha, C. E.

AU - Costa, L. N.Da

AU - Davis, C.

AU - Desai, S.

AU - Diehl, H. T.

AU - Dietrich, J. P.

AU - Dobbs, M. A.

AU - Doel, P.

AU - Eifler, T. F.

AU - Everett, W.

AU - Evrard, A. E.

AU - Flaugher, B.

AU - Fosalba, P.

AU - Frieman, J.

AU - Gallicchio, J.

AU - García-Bellido, J.

AU - Gaztanaga, E.

AU - George, E. M.

AU - Gilbert, A.

AU - Gruen, D.

AU - Gruendl, R. A.

AU - Gschwend, J.

AU - Gupta, N.

AU - Gutierrez, G.

AU - Haan, T. De

AU - Halverson, N. W.

AU - Harrington, N.

AU - Hartley, W. G.

AU - Henning, J. W.

AU - Hilton, G. C.

AU - Hollowood, D. L.

AU - Holzapfel, W. L.

AU - Honscheid, K.

AU - Hou, Z.

AU - Hoyle, B.

AU - Hrubes, J. D.

AU - Huang, N.

AU - Hubmayr, J.

AU - Irwin, K. D.

AU - James, D. J.

AU - Jeltema, T.

AU - Kim, A. G.

AU - Kind, M. Carrasco

AU - Knox, L.

AU - Kovacs, A.

AU - Kuehn, K.

AU - Kuropatkin, N.

AU - Lee, A. T.

AU - Li, T. S.

AU - Lima, M.

AU - Maia, M. A.G.

AU - Marshall, J. L.

AU - McMahon, J. J.

AU - Melchior, P.

AU - Menanteau, F.

AU - Meyer, S. S.

AU - Miller, C. J.

AU - Miquel, R.

AU - Mocanu, L.

AU - Montgomery, J.

AU - Nadolski, A.

AU - Natoli, T.

AU - Nibarger, J. P.

AU - Novosad, V.

AU - Padin, S.

AU - Plazas, A. A.

AU - Pryke, C.

AU - Rapetti, D.

AU - Romer, A. K.

AU - Rosell, A. Carnero

AU - Ruhl, J. E.

AU - Saliwanchik, B. R.

AU - Sanchez, E.

AU - Sayre, J. T.

AU - Scarpine, V.

AU - Schaffer, K. K.

AU - Schubnell, M.

AU - Serrano, S.

AU - Sevilla-Noarbe, I.

AU - Smecher, G.

AU - Smith, R. C.

AU - Soares-Santos, M.

AU - Sobreira, F.

AU - Stark, A. A.

AU - Story, K. T.

AU - Suchyta, E.

AU - Swanson, M. E.C.

AU - Tarle, G.

AU - Thomas, D.

AU - Tucker, C.

AU - Vanderlinde, K.

AU - Vicente, J. De

AU - Vieira, J. D.

AU - Wang, G.

AU - Whitehorn, N.

AU - Wu, W. L.K.

AU - Zhang, Y.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - We use cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature maps from the 500 deg 2 SPTpol survey to measure the stacked lensing convergence of galaxy clusters from the Dark Energy Survey (DES) Year-3 redMaPPer (RM) cluster catalog. The lensing signal is extracted through a modified quadratic estimator designed to be unbiased by the thermal Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (tSZ) effect. The modified estimator uses a tSZ-free map, constructed from the SPTpol 95 and 150 GHz data sets, to estimate the background CMB gradient. For lensing reconstruction, we employ two versions of the RM catalog: a flux-limited sample containing 4003 clusters and a volume-limited sample with 1741 clusters. We detect lensing at a significance of 8.7σ(6.7σ) with the flux (volume)-limited sample. By modeling the reconstructed convergence using the Navarro-Frenk-White profile, we find the average lensing masses to be M 200m = (1.62 -0.25 +0.32 [stat] ± 0.04 [sys.]) and (1.28 -0.18 +0.14 [stat] ± 0.03[sys.])× 10 14 M ⊙ for the volume- and flux-limited samples, respectively. The systematic error budget is much smaller than the statistical uncertainty and is dominated by the uncertainties in the RM cluster centroids. We use the volume-limited sample to calibrate the normalization of the mass-richness scaling relation, and find a result consistent with the galaxy weak-lensing measurements from DES.

AB - We use cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature maps from the 500 deg 2 SPTpol survey to measure the stacked lensing convergence of galaxy clusters from the Dark Energy Survey (DES) Year-3 redMaPPer (RM) cluster catalog. The lensing signal is extracted through a modified quadratic estimator designed to be unbiased by the thermal Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (tSZ) effect. The modified estimator uses a tSZ-free map, constructed from the SPTpol 95 and 150 GHz data sets, to estimate the background CMB gradient. For lensing reconstruction, we employ two versions of the RM catalog: a flux-limited sample containing 4003 clusters and a volume-limited sample with 1741 clusters. We detect lensing at a significance of 8.7σ(6.7σ) with the flux (volume)-limited sample. By modeling the reconstructed convergence using the Navarro-Frenk-White profile, we find the average lensing masses to be M 200m = (1.62 -0.25 +0.32 [stat] ± 0.04 [sys.]) and (1.28 -0.18 +0.14 [stat] ± 0.03[sys.])× 10 14 M ⊙ for the volume- and flux-limited samples, respectively. The systematic error budget is much smaller than the statistical uncertainty and is dominated by the uncertainties in the RM cluster centroids. We use the volume-limited sample to calibrate the normalization of the mass-richness scaling relation, and find a result consistent with the galaxy weak-lensing measurements from DES.

KW - cosmic background radiation

KW - galaxies: clusters: general

KW - gravitational lensing: weak

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85063490554&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85063490554&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3847/1538-4357/ab01ca

DO - 10.3847/1538-4357/ab01ca

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85063490554

VL - 872

JO - Astrophysical Journal

JF - Astrophysical Journal

SN - 0004-637X

IS - 2

M1 - 170

ER -