Marfan syndrome and symptomatic sacral cyst: Report of two cases

Paul M. Arnold, Jan Teuber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Context: Meningeal abnormalities such as dural ectasia are seen in Marfan syndrome, but spinal meningeal cysts are rarely seen. These cysts usually asymptomatic and often found incidentally on magnetic resonance imaging, large cysts may cause neurological deficits and pain secondary to nerve root compression. Design: Case reports. Findings: Two patients with Marfan syndrome presented with urinary symptoms secondary to dural ectasia and sacral cysts. Patient 1 had a history of low back pain, erectile dysfunction, and occasional urinary incontinence and groin pain with recent symptom worsening. He underwent L5 partial laminectomy and S1-S2 laminectomy with sacral cyst decompression. Nine weeks later, he underwent drainage of a sacral pseudomeningocele. Pain and urinary symptoms resolved, and he remains neurologically normal 2 years after surgery. Patient 2 presented after a fall on his tailbone, complaining of low back pain and difficulty urinating. Physical therapy was implemented, but after 4 weeks, urinary retention had not improved. He then underwent resection of the sacral cyst and S1-S3 laminectomy. Pain and paresthesias resolved and bowel function returned to normal. Other than needing intermittent self-catheterization, all other neurologic findings were normal 30 months after surgery. Conclusion/clinical relevance: Surgical goals for sacral cysts include resection as well as closure of the dura, which can be challenging due to thinning from ectasia. Neurosurgical intervention in Marfan syndrome is associated with a high risk of dural tears and osseous complications, and should be performed only when symptoms are severe.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)499-503
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cerebrospinal fluid leak
  • Dura mater
  • Ectasia
  • Laminectomy
  • Marfan syndrome
  • Sacral perineural cyst
  • Spine surgery
  • Urinary dysfunction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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