Mapping vulnerability to extreme heat events: lessons from metropolitan Chicago

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this paper, we develop an approach for identifying the location of populations most vulnerable to extreme heat events and how those locations change over time. We scan the literature on measuring vulnerability, especially sensitivity and adaptive capacity of populations. We employ Census data for metropolitan Chicago for the years 1990, 2000, and 2010, and maximum likelihood factor analysis to derive an index and map the distribution of Census tracts where residents exhibit greater sensitivity and/or lower adaptive capacity to extreme heat. Our findings show a pattern of deconcentration and decentralization of these populations within the city and region over time, with gentrification and the suburbanization of poverty trends observed in many US metropolitan regions as possible contributing factors. Finally, we discuss the implications of these findings for planning efforts in the study area and offer suggestions for further research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1065-1088
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Environmental Planning and Management
Volume62
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - May 12 2019

Fingerprint

heat
census
vulnerability
gentrification
suburbanization
event
Factor analysis
decentralization
factor analysis
Maximum likelihood
poverty
metropolitan region
Planning
resident
planning
trend
Hot Temperature
time
distribution
measuring

Keywords

  • Chicago
  • climate change
  • extreme events
  • heat vulnerability index

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

@article{446aae2d069d4da29a85ff636af46948,
title = "Mapping vulnerability to extreme heat events: lessons from metropolitan Chicago",
abstract = "In this paper, we develop an approach for identifying the location of populations most vulnerable to extreme heat events and how those locations change over time. We scan the literature on measuring vulnerability, especially sensitivity and adaptive capacity of populations. We employ Census data for metropolitan Chicago for the years 1990, 2000, and 2010, and maximum likelihood factor analysis to derive an index and map the distribution of Census tracts where residents exhibit greater sensitivity and/or lower adaptive capacity to extreme heat. Our findings show a pattern of deconcentration and decentralization of these populations within the city and region over time, with gentrification and the suburbanization of poverty trends observed in many US metropolitan regions as possible contributing factors. Finally, we discuss the implications of these findings for planning efforts in the study area and offer suggestions for further research.",
keywords = "Chicago, climate change, extreme events, heat vulnerability index",
author = "Wilson, {Beverly K} and Arnab Chakraborty",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "12",
doi = "10.1080/09640568.2018.1462475",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "62",
pages = "1065--1088",
journal = "Journal of Environmental Planning and Management",
issn = "0964-0568",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mapping vulnerability to extreme heat events

T2 - lessons from metropolitan Chicago

AU - Wilson, Beverly K

AU - Chakraborty, Arnab

PY - 2019/5/12

Y1 - 2019/5/12

N2 - In this paper, we develop an approach for identifying the location of populations most vulnerable to extreme heat events and how those locations change over time. We scan the literature on measuring vulnerability, especially sensitivity and adaptive capacity of populations. We employ Census data for metropolitan Chicago for the years 1990, 2000, and 2010, and maximum likelihood factor analysis to derive an index and map the distribution of Census tracts where residents exhibit greater sensitivity and/or lower adaptive capacity to extreme heat. Our findings show a pattern of deconcentration and decentralization of these populations within the city and region over time, with gentrification and the suburbanization of poverty trends observed in many US metropolitan regions as possible contributing factors. Finally, we discuss the implications of these findings for planning efforts in the study area and offer suggestions for further research.

AB - In this paper, we develop an approach for identifying the location of populations most vulnerable to extreme heat events and how those locations change over time. We scan the literature on measuring vulnerability, especially sensitivity and adaptive capacity of populations. We employ Census data for metropolitan Chicago for the years 1990, 2000, and 2010, and maximum likelihood factor analysis to derive an index and map the distribution of Census tracts where residents exhibit greater sensitivity and/or lower adaptive capacity to extreme heat. Our findings show a pattern of deconcentration and decentralization of these populations within the city and region over time, with gentrification and the suburbanization of poverty trends observed in many US metropolitan regions as possible contributing factors. Finally, we discuss the implications of these findings for planning efforts in the study area and offer suggestions for further research.

KW - Chicago

KW - climate change

KW - extreme events

KW - heat vulnerability index

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85046797369&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85046797369&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/09640568.2018.1462475

DO - 10.1080/09640568.2018.1462475

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85046797369

VL - 62

SP - 1065

EP - 1088

JO - Journal of Environmental Planning and Management

JF - Journal of Environmental Planning and Management

SN - 0964-0568

IS - 6

ER -