Mapping vulnerability to extreme heat events: lessons from metropolitan Chicago

Bev Wilson, Arnab Chakraborty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this paper, we develop an approach for identifying the location of populations most vulnerable to extreme heat events and how those locations change over time. We scan the literature on measuring vulnerability, especially sensitivity and adaptive capacity of populations. We employ Census data for metropolitan Chicago for the years 1990, 2000, and 2010, and maximum likelihood factor analysis to derive an index and map the distribution of Census tracts where residents exhibit greater sensitivity and/or lower adaptive capacity to extreme heat. Our findings show a pattern of deconcentration and decentralization of these populations within the city and region over time, with gentrification and the suburbanization of poverty trends observed in many US metropolitan regions as possible contributing factors. Finally, we discuss the implications of these findings for planning efforts in the study area and offer suggestions for further research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1065-1088
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Environmental Planning and Management
Volume62
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - May 12 2019

Keywords

  • Chicago
  • climate change
  • extreme events
  • heat vulnerability index

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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