Many-body approaches to atoms and molecules in external magnetic fields

Matthew D. Jones, Gerardo Ortiz, David M. Ceperley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The proper treatment of many-body effects for fermions has long been a goal of theorists working in atomic and molecular physics. The computational demands of such a treatment however, when coupled to the added difficulties imposed by the presence of external electromagnetic sources, have resulted in few studies of many-body effects in strong magnetic fields, i.e., in the field regime where perturbation theory is no longer applicable. In this article, we review the fundamental aspects of the problem and describe a variety of theoretical approaches for small atoms and molecules in strong fields, beginning with mean-field theory (Hartree-Fock) and progressing through variational and exact stochastic methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)523-552
Number of pages30
JournalInternational Journal of Quantum Chemistry
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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