Manipulating self-efficacy in the exercise environment in women: Influences on affective responses

Edward McAuley, Heidi Mai Talbot, Suzanne Martinez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Self-efficacy was experimentally manipulated in an exercise context, and its effect on affective responses was examined. College women (N = 46) were randomly assigned to a high- or low-efficacy condition, and efficacy expectations were manipulated by means of bogus feedback and graphs depicting contrived normative data. The manipulation successfully influenced affective responses, with participants in the high-efficacy group reporting more positive and less negative affect than did the low-efficacy group. Efficacy was significantly related to feeling-state responses during and after activity but only in the high-efficacy condition. The results suggest that self-efficacy can be manipulated and that these changes are related to the affective experience associated with exercise. Such findings may have important implications for the roles played by self-efficacy and affect in exercise adherence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)288-294
Number of pages7
JournalHealth Psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1999


  • Feeling states
  • Physical activity
  • Psychological health
  • Self-efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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