Management of wetlands for wildlife

Matthew J. Gray, Heath M. Hagy, J. Andrew Nyman, Joshua D. Stafford

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Wetlands are highly productive ecosystems that provide habitat for a diversity of wildlife species and afford various ecosystem services. Managing wetlands effectively requires an understanding of basic ecosystem processes, animal and plant life history strategies, and principles of wildlife management. Management techniques that are used differ depending on target species, coastal versus interior wetlands, and available infrastructure, resources, and management objectives. Ideally, wetlands are managed as a complex, with many successional stages and hydroperiods represented in close proximity. Managing wetland wildlife typically involves manipulating water levels and vegetation in the wetland, and providing an upland buffer. Commonly, levees and water control structures are used to manipulate wetland hydrology in combination with other management techniques (e.g., disking, burning, herbicide application) to create desired plant and wildlife responses. In the United States, several conservation programs are available to assist landowners in developing wetland management infrastructure on their property. Managing wetlands to increase habitat quality for wildlife is critical, considering this ecosystem is one of the most imperiled in the world.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationWetland Techniques
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 3: Applications and Management
PublisherSpringer Netherlands
Pages121-180
Number of pages60
ISBN (Electronic)9789400769076
ISBN (Print)9789400769069
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

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  • Cite this

    Gray, M. J., Hagy, H. M., Nyman, J. A., & Stafford, J. D. (2013). Management of wetlands for wildlife. In Wetland Techniques: Volume 3: Applications and Management (pp. 121-180). Springer Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6907-6_4