Mammary specific transgenic over-expression of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) increases pig milk IGF-I and IGF binding proteins, with no effect on milk composition or yield

Marcia H. Monaco, Derek E. Gronlund, Gregory T. Bleck, Walter L. Hurley, Matthew B. Wheeler, Sharon M. Donovan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

IGF-I regulates lactation by stimulating mammary mitogenesis, inhibiting apoptosis, and partially mediating the effects of growth hormone on lactogenesis. Herein, lactation performance during first and second parity was assessed in transgenic swine (TG) that over-expressed human IGF-I in milk under the control of the bovine α-lactalbumin promoter, regulatory regions and signal peptide coding sequence. Milk samples were collected throughout lactation (farrowing to d24) from TG sows and non-transgenic littermates (CON) and IGF-I, IGF-II, and IGFBP determined. Colostral (<24 h postpartum) IGF-I content was 26-fold greater (p < 0.001) in TG sows (949 ± 107 μg/L; range 228-1600 μg/L) than CON (36 ± 17.8 μg/L) and was 50- to 90-fold greater (p < 0.001) in mature milk (d2-24 postpartum). There was no effect of parity on milk IGF-I content. Milk IGF-II concentration was unaffected by IGF-I over-expression. Low molecular weight IGFBP (IGFBP-2 and -5) in the milk of TG sows were higher (p = 0.02) than CON in the early postpartum period, but did not differ in mature milk. Milk yield, determined by weigh-suckle-weigh, was similar in TG and CON as was litter weight gain. Milk nutrient composition was not significantly affected by IGF over-expression. Thus, mammary specific transgenic over-expression of IGF-I significantly increased milk IGF-I and IGFBP content, but did not impact lactation performance in swine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)761-773
Number of pages13
JournalTransgenic Research
Volume14
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2005

Keywords

  • IGF binding proteins
  • IGF-I
  • Lactation
  • Milk
  • Pig
  • Transgenic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science

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