Making more extensive use of the coupled-cluster wave function: From the standard energy expression to the energy expectation value

Leszek Meissner, So Hirata, Rodney J. Bartlett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The standard coupled-cluster (CC) scheme with single and double excitations in the cluster operator (CCSD) includes only up to quadruple excitations in the equations. The CCSD exponential expansion generates, however, all possible excitations out of the reference function through products of the cluster operators. Clearly, in all standard approximate CC approaches only a part of the CC wave function is used in the equations. If the standard CCSD wave function is inserted into the energy expectation value expression then the complete CCSD wave function contributes to the energy. Such an energy expectation value expression can be presented as a sum of the standard CCSD energy formula plus correction terms. The correction terms provide an information about the quality of the total CC function. Contributions associated with the presence of higher than double excitations in the bra CCSD wave function supplement the CCSD energy obtained within the standard scheme. These contributions can be generated in a sequential way by considering intermediate excitation levels for the bra CCSD wave function in the expectation value expression before reaching the highest excitation level. In this way the importance of particular components differing in the standard and expectation value CCSD energies can be investigated. Some of the contributions can be recognized as close to or identical with the so-called renormalized noniterative corrections to the CC methods. We try to see to what an extent the nonstandard energy expressions, like the energy expectation value or the asymmetric energy formula, can be used to extend the applicability of the CCSD method illustrating our considerations with some numerical examples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)440-449
Number of pages10
JournalTheoretical Chemistry Accounts
Issue number4-5
StatePublished - Sep 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Corrections to the coupled-cluster energy
  • Coupled-cluster method
  • Electron correlation
  • Energy expectation value

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Making more extensive use of the coupled-cluster wave function: From the standard energy expression to the energy expectation value'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this