Mainstreaming Impact Evaluation in Nature Conservation

Kathy Baylis, Jordi Honey-Rosés, Jan Börner, Esteve Corbera, Driss Ezzine-de-Blas, Paul J. Ferraro, Renaud Lapeyre, U. Martin Persson, Alex Pfaff, Sven Wunder

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review


An important part of conservation practice is the empirical evaluation of program and policy impacts. Understanding why conservation programs succeed or fail is essential for designing cost-effective initiatives and for improving the livelihoods of natural resource users. The evidence we seek can be generated with modern impact evaluation designs. Such designs measure causal effects of specific interventions by comparing outcomes with the interventions to outcomes in credible counterfactual scenarios. Good designs also identify the conditions under which the causal effect arises. Despite a critical need for empirical evidence, conservation science has been slow to adopt these impact evaluation designs. We identify reasons for the slow rate of adoption and provide suggestions for mainstreaming impact evaluation in nature conservation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)58-64
Number of pages7
JournalConservation Letters
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016


  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation policy
  • Impact evaluation
  • Payment for environmental services
  • Protected areas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation


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