Magnetized hypermassive neutron-star collapse: A central engine for short gamma-ray bursts

Masaru Shibata, Matthew D. Duez, Yuk Tung Liu, Stuart L. Shapiro, Branson C. Stephens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A hypermassive neutron star (HMNS) is a possible transient formed after the merger of a neutron-star binary. In the latest axisymmetric magnetohydrodynamic simulations in full general relativity, we find that a magnetized HMNS undergoes "delayed" collapse to a rotating black hole (BH) as a result of angular momentum transport via magnetic braking and the magnetorotational instability. The outcome is a BH surrounded by a massive, hot torus with a collimated magnetic field. The torus accretes onto the BH at a quasisteady accretion rate ∼10 M/s; the lifetime of the torus is ∼10ms. The torus has a temperature 1012K, leading to copious (νν̄) thermal radiation that could trigger a fireball. Therefore, the collapse of a HMNS is a promising scenario for generating short-duration gamma-ray bursts and an accompanying burst of gravitational waves and neutrinos.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number031102
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 27 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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