There has been continued development of MRI techniques for evaluating mesenteric vascular disease. Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) can provide reproducible high resolution, high contrast images of the arterial and venous mesenteric vasculature and may allow detection of segmental ischemia by detection of segmental delayed mesenteric or bowel wall enhancement. Cine phase-contrast MRA can provide additional information about the rate and volume of flow within the major mesenteric arteries and veins. Real-time MRI can provide interactive visualization of the mesenteric vessels in any plane, and with suitable bowel contrast, it can be used to monitor global and segmental small bowel motility. With in vivo MR oximetry, flow independent measurements of the T2 relaxation of blood allow the oxygen saturation of the mesenteric circulation to be determined. These MR techniques can be combined for evaluating both anatomic and functional aspects of the mesenteric circulation.
- Magnetic resonance angiography
- Mesenteric ischemia
ASJC Scopus subject areas