Magnetic penetration depth in unconventional superconductors

Ruslan Prozorov, Russell W. Giannetta

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

This topical review summarizes various features of magnetic penetration depth in unconventional superconductors. Precise measurements of the penetration depth as a function of temperature, magnetic field and crystal orientation can provide detailed information about the pairing state. Examples are given of unconventional pairing in hole-and electron-doped cuprates, organic and heavy fermion superconductors. The ability to apply an external magnetic field adds a new dimension to measurements of penetration depth. We discuss how field-dependent measurements can be used to study surface Andreev bound states, nonlinear Meissner effects, magnetic impurities, magnetic ordering, proximity effects and vortex motion. We also discuss how measurements of penetration depth as a function of orientation can be used to explore superconductors with more than one gap and with anisotropic gaps. Details relevant to the analysis of penetration depth data in anisotropic samples are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberR01
Pages (from-to)R41-R67
JournalSuperconductor Science and Technology
Volume19
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2006

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

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