TY - JOUR

T1 - Magnetic field integral equation at very low frequencies

AU - Zhang, Yunhua

AU - Cui, Tie Jun

AU - Chew, Weng Cho

AU - Zhao, Jun Sheng

N1 - Funding Information:
Manuscript received March 8, 2002; revised July 21, 2002. This work was supported in part by the Department of Energy grant DOE DEFG07-01ID14132 and in part by the AFSAIC under Grant 4400041703.

PY - 2003/8

Y1 - 2003/8

N2 - It is known that there is a low-frequency break-down problem when the method of moments (MOM) with Rao-Wilton-Glisson (RWG) basis is used in the electric field integral equation (EFIE), which can be solved through the loop and tree basis decomposition. In this paper, the behavior of the magnetic field integral equation (MFIE) at very low frequencies has been investigated using MOM, where two approaches are presented based on the RWG basis and loop and tree bases. The study shows that MFIE can be solved by the conventional MOM with the RWG basis at arbitrarily low frequencies, but there exists an accuracy problem in the real part of the electric current. Although the error in the current distribution is small, it will result in a large error in the far-field computation. This is because big cancellation occurs during the computation of far field. The source of error in the current distribution is easily detected through the MOM analysis using the loop and tree basis decomposition. To eliminate the error, a perturbation method is proposed, from which very accurate real part of the tree current has been obtained. Using the perturbation method, the error in the far-field computation is also removed. Numerical examples show that both the current distribution and the far field can be accurately computed at extremely low frequencies by the proposed method.

AB - It is known that there is a low-frequency break-down problem when the method of moments (MOM) with Rao-Wilton-Glisson (RWG) basis is used in the electric field integral equation (EFIE), which can be solved through the loop and tree basis decomposition. In this paper, the behavior of the magnetic field integral equation (MFIE) at very low frequencies has been investigated using MOM, where two approaches are presented based on the RWG basis and loop and tree bases. The study shows that MFIE can be solved by the conventional MOM with the RWG basis at arbitrarily low frequencies, but there exists an accuracy problem in the real part of the electric current. Although the error in the current distribution is small, it will result in a large error in the far-field computation. This is because big cancellation occurs during the computation of far field. The source of error in the current distribution is easily detected through the MOM analysis using the loop and tree basis decomposition. To eliminate the error, a perturbation method is proposed, from which very accurate real part of the tree current has been obtained. Using the perturbation method, the error in the far-field computation is also removed. Numerical examples show that both the current distribution and the far field can be accurately computed at extremely low frequencies by the proposed method.

KW - Electric field integral equation (EFIE)

KW - Electromagnetic (EM) scattering

KW - Loop/tree basis

KW - Magnetic field integral equation (MFIE)

KW - Rao-Wilton-Glisson (RWG) basis

KW - Very low frequency

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U2 - 10.1109/TAP.2003.814753

DO - 10.1109/TAP.2003.814753

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0042363722

SN - 0018-926X

VL - 51

SP - 1864

EP - 1871

JO - IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation

JF - IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation

IS - 8

ER -