Magnetic-field induced anisotropy in electromigration behavior of Sn-Ag-Cu solder interconnects

Jian Qiang Chen, Jing Dong Guo, Hui Cai Ma, Kai Lang Liu, Qing Sheng Zhu, Jian Ku Shang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Sn-Ag-Cu solder interconnects were made by solidifying the solder balls in a magnetic field and subsequently tested for their electromigration behavior. The orientation of the tin grains was analyzed by electron backscattered diffraction. It was found that the c-axis of Sn grain tended to rotate away from the direction of the magnetic field during solidification, resulting in an enhanced electromigration resistance for the solder joint when the current was applied along the direction of the magnetic field, as evidenced by a smaller electromigration-induced polarity effect in the growth of the interfacial intermetallic compound. Such a reduced polarity-effect of electromigration is shown to agree well with the anisotropy in the diffusivity of the active diffusion species, Cu, in the tetragonal Sn. The difference of free energy change caused by the anisotropy in the magnetic susceptibility of the tetragonal Sn during solidification is suggested to be the main factor for this phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1065-1071
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Issue number8
StatePublished - Mar 17 2015


  • anisotropy
  • electromigration
  • intermetallic compounds
  • magnetic field
  • solidification
  • tin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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