The magnetic characterization of Pd single crystals deformed by cycling in a hydrogen atmosphere has been performed. Based on evidence obtained from thermal desorption analysis, it is shown that the condensed hydrogen phase formed inside deep dislocation cores in PdH x (x = H/Pd ≈ 4.5 × 10-4) is tightly bound with a Pd matrix. The activation energy of hydrogen desorption from these cores was found to be as high as e = 1.6eV/H-atom, suggesting the occurrence of a strong band overlapping between Pd and H atoms. SQUID measurements carried out in a weak magnetic field (H < 5.0 Oe) showed an anomalous diamagnetic contribution to the DC and AC magnetic susceptibilities of the PdH x sample at T < 30 K resulting in the presence of the hydrogen phase. It is suggested that the anomalous diamagnetic response in PdH x is caused by the presence of a hydrogen dominant phase, tightly bound with a Pd matrix inside the dislocation cores (nanotubes).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)