Macromolecules at Surfaces: Research Challenges and Opportunities from Tribology to Biology

Steve Granick, Sanat K. Kumar, Eric J. Amis, Markus Antonietti, Anna C. Balazs, Arup K. Chakraborty, Gary S. Grest, Craig Hawker, Paul Janmey, Edward J. Kramer, Ralph Nuzzo, Thomas P. Russell, Cyrus R. Safinya

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

A comprehensive review of ongoing and recommended research directions concerning the structure, dynamics, and interfacial activity of synthetic and naturally occurring macromolecules at the solid-liquid interface is presented. Many new developments stem from the ability to target new size regimes of 1-100 nm. These rapid developments are reviewed critically with respect to chemical synthesis, processing, structural characterization, dynamic processes, and theoretical and computational analysis. The common problems shared by flat and particulate surfaces are emphasized. A broad spectrum of material properties are discussed, from the control of interfacial friction between surfaces in moving contact, to the mechanical strength and durability of the interfaces in hybrid materials, to optical and electronic properties. Future research opportunities are identified that involve (1) the emergence of nanoscale material properties, (2) polymer-assisted nanostructures, and (3) the crossroads between interfacial science and biological and bioinspired applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2755-2793
Number of pages39
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
Volume41
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2003

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Keywords

  • Anionic polymerization
  • Biopolymers
  • Block copolymers
  • Colloids
  • Dendrimers
  • Diffusion
  • Gels
  • Glass transition
  • Hyper-branched
  • Interfaces
  • Kinetics
  • Lamellar
  • Lattice models
  • Mechanical properties
  • Metathesis
  • Microgels
  • Molecular dynamics
  • Molecular modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Granick, S., Kumar, S. K., Amis, E. J., Antonietti, M., Balazs, A. C., Chakraborty, A. K., Grest, G. S., Hawker, C., Janmey, P., Kramer, E. J., Nuzzo, R., Russell, T. P., & Safinya, C. R. (2003). Macromolecules at Surfaces: Research Challenges and Opportunities from Tribology to Biology. Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics, 41(22), 2755-2793. https://doi.org/10.1002/polb.10669