The domain of unknown function 692 (DUF692) is an emerging family of post-translational modification enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptide (RiPP) natural products. Members of this family are multinuclear iron-containing enzymes, and only two members have been functionally characterized to date: MbnB and TglH. Here, we used bioinformatics to select another member of the DUF692 family, ChrH, that is encoded in the genomes of the Chryseobacterium genus along with a partner protein ChrI. We structurally characterized the ChrH reaction product and show that the enzyme complex catalyzes an unprecedented chemical transformation that results in the formation of a macrocycle, an imidazolidinedione heterocycle, two thioaminals, and a thiomethyl group. Based on isotopic labeling studies, we propose a mechanism for the four-electron oxidation and methylation of the substrate peptide. This work identifies the first SAM-dependent reaction catalyzed by a DUF692 enzyme complex, further expanding the repertoire of remarkable reactions catalyzed by these enzymes. Based on the three currently characterized DUF692 family members, we suggest the family be called multinuclear non-heme iron dependent oxidative enzymes (MNIOs).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)