Chalcogenides in perovskite and the related layered Ruddlesden-Popper crystal structures (chalcogenide perovskites for brevity) are an exciting family of semiconductors but remain experimentally little studied. Chalcogenide perovskites share crystal structures and some physical properties with ionic compounds such as oxide and halide perovskites, but the metal-chalcogen bonds responsible for semiconducting behavior are substantially more covalent than in these more-studied perovskites. Here, we use complementary experimental and theoretical methods to study how the mixed ionic-covalent Zr-S bonds support the electronic structure and physical properties of perovskite BaZrS3 and Ruddlesden-Popper Ba3Zr2S7. We apply theoretical methods to assign features of experimentally measured x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) to particular orbital transitions, enabling a clear physical interpretation of angle-dependent, polarized XAS data measured on single-crystal samples, and an atomistic view of the covalent bonding network that facilitates charge transport. Polarized Raman measurements identify signatures of crystalline anisotropy in Ba3Zr2S7 and enable the first assignments of mode symmetry in this material. Infrared reflectivity reveals electronic transport properties that augur well for the use of chalcogenide perovskites in optoelectronic and energy-conversion technologies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics