Loss of Hepatic Small Heterodimer Partner Elevates Ileal Bile Acids and Alters Cell Cycle-related Genes in Male Mice

Ryan Philip Henry Shaw, Peter Kolyvas, Nathanlown Dang, Angela Hyon, Keith Bailey, Sayeepriyadarshini Anakk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Small heterodimer partner (Shp) regulates several metabolic processes, including bile acid levels, but lacks the conserved DNA binding domain. Phylogenetic analysis revealed conserved genetic evolution of SHP, FXR, CYP7A1, and CYP8B1. Shp, although primarily studied as a downstream target of Farnesoid X Receptor (Fxr), has a distinct hepatic role that is poorly understood. Here, we report that liver-specific Shp knockout (LShpKO) mice have impaired negative feedback of Cyp7a1 and Cyp8b1 on bile acid challenge and demonstrate that a single copy of the Shp gene is sufficient to maintain this response. LShpKO mice also exhibit elevated total bile acid pool with ileal bile acid composition mimicking that of cholic acid-fed control mice. Agonistic activation of Fxr (GW4064) in the LShpKO did not alter the elevated basal expression of Cyp8b1 but lowered Cyp7a1 expression. We found that deletion of Shp led to an enrichment of distinct motifs and pathways associated with circadian rhythm, copper ion transport, and DNA synthesis. We confirmed increased expression of metallothionein genes that can regulate copper levels in the absence of SHP. LShpKO livers also displayed a higher basal proliferation that was exacerbated specifically with bile acid challenge either with cholic acid or 3,5-diethoxycarbonyl-1,4-dihydrocollidine but not with another liver mitogen, 1,4-bis[2-(3,5-dichloropyridyloxy)]benzene. Overall, our data indicate that hepatic SHP uniquely regulates certain proliferative and metabolic cues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberbqac052
JournalEndocrinology (United States)
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2022


  • bile acids
  • enterohepatic recirculation
  • nuclear receptor
  • proliferation
  • small heterodimer partner

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology


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