Loss of appetite: Managing unwanted weight loss in the older patient

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Loss of appetite, regardless of cause, is a significant symptom that may cause extreme weight loss in older patients. The consequences of anorexia include muscle wasting, weakness, depression, increased susceptibility to disease complications, and decreased immunocompetence. In the older population, the major causes of anorexia are pulmonary and cardiac diseases, cancer, dementia, alcoholism, depression, and medications. The diagnosis is based on the physical exam, a history of weight loss, and a review of dietary intake. Treatment strategies include managing GI disturbances, encouraging physical activity and socialization, reducing fatigue and food aversions, and adding high-calorie supplements to the diet.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)54-59
Number of pages6
JournalGeriatrics
Volume49
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

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Anorexia
Appetite
Weight Loss
Depression
Immunocompetence
Heart Neoplasms
Socialization
Disease Susceptibility
Muscle Weakness
Alcoholism
Lung Diseases
Fatigue
Dementia
Heart Diseases
Exercise
Diet
Food
Population
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Loss of appetite : Managing unwanted weight loss in the older patient. / Chapman-Novakofski, Karen Marie; Nelson, R. A.

In: Geriatrics, Vol. 49, No. 3, 01.01.1994, p. 54-59.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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