Looking into continuous casting mould

K. C. Mills, P. Ramirez-Lopez, P. D. Lee, B. Santillana, B. G. Thomas, R. Morales

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


When you look into the continuous casting mould you can see very little. Consequently, steelmakers have had to rely on plant trials, simulation experiments and physical property measurements on fluxes and steels to gain an understanding of the mechanisms responsible for process problems and product defects. However, in recent years, mathematical modelling has advanced to the stage where they can provide us with great insight into these mechanisms. As a nonmathematical modeller, I was initially sceptical of some of the predictions of the mathematical models. However, I have been completely won over by the ability of these models to simulate accurately the mechanisms responsible for various defects, such as slag entrapment, oscillation mark formation, etc. Mathematical modelling literally allows us to 'see' what is happening in the mould. It is a remarkable tool.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)242-249
Number of pages8
JournalIronmaking and Steelmaking
Issue number4
StatePublished - May 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Continuous casting
  • Defects
  • Mechanisms
  • Metal flow
  • Mould oscillation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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