Longitudinal Associations Between Immigrant Ethnic Density, Neighborhood Processes, and Latino Immigrant Youth Depression

Meng Jung Lee, Janet M. Liechty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Depression rates rise in adolescence and the prevalence of depression is higher among Latino adolescents than other race/ethnic groups. Ethnic density among immigrant populations is associated with better health and mental health outcomes among adults, but little is known about its effects among adolescents or its mechanisms. This study examines the pathways by which immigrant density may affect mental health outcomes among Latino youth. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), we drew a sample of 2,678 Hispanic youth. Multivariate multilevel logistic regression analyses found that Latino immigrant density predicted lower odds of depression among both male and female immigrant but not non-immigrant Latino adolescents. No mediating effects of neighborhood efficacy, perceived safety or perceived contentment were observed in this study. Results reaffirm the need to further explore the mechanisms through which ethnic density exerts its salubrious effect on immigrant youth mental health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)983-991
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of immigrant and minority health
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 23 2015

Fingerprint

Hispanic Americans
Depression
Mental Health
National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health
Health
Ethnic Groups
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Safety
Population

Keywords

  • Adolescent depression
  • Ethnic density
  • Ethnic enclaves
  • Latino immigrants
  • Neighborhood context
  • Neighborhood processes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

@article{d21fea31cec4460ab57034c135b83f4e,
title = "Longitudinal Associations Between Immigrant Ethnic Density, Neighborhood Processes, and Latino Immigrant Youth Depression",
abstract = "Depression rates rise in adolescence and the prevalence of depression is higher among Latino adolescents than other race/ethnic groups. Ethnic density among immigrant populations is associated with better health and mental health outcomes among adults, but little is known about its effects among adolescents or its mechanisms. This study examines the pathways by which immigrant density may affect mental health outcomes among Latino youth. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), we drew a sample of 2,678 Hispanic youth. Multivariate multilevel logistic regression analyses found that Latino immigrant density predicted lower odds of depression among both male and female immigrant but not non-immigrant Latino adolescents. No mediating effects of neighborhood efficacy, perceived safety or perceived contentment were observed in this study. Results reaffirm the need to further explore the mechanisms through which ethnic density exerts its salubrious effect on immigrant youth mental health.",
keywords = "Adolescent depression, Ethnic density, Ethnic enclaves, Latino immigrants, Neighborhood context, Neighborhood processes",
author = "Lee, {Meng Jung} and Liechty, {Janet M.}",
year = "2015",
month = "8",
day = "23",
doi = "10.1007/s10903-014-0029-4",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "17",
pages = "983--991",
journal = "Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health",
issn = "1557-1912",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Longitudinal Associations Between Immigrant Ethnic Density, Neighborhood Processes, and Latino Immigrant Youth Depression

AU - Lee, Meng Jung

AU - Liechty, Janet M.

PY - 2015/8/23

Y1 - 2015/8/23

N2 - Depression rates rise in adolescence and the prevalence of depression is higher among Latino adolescents than other race/ethnic groups. Ethnic density among immigrant populations is associated with better health and mental health outcomes among adults, but little is known about its effects among adolescents or its mechanisms. This study examines the pathways by which immigrant density may affect mental health outcomes among Latino youth. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), we drew a sample of 2,678 Hispanic youth. Multivariate multilevel logistic regression analyses found that Latino immigrant density predicted lower odds of depression among both male and female immigrant but not non-immigrant Latino adolescents. No mediating effects of neighborhood efficacy, perceived safety or perceived contentment were observed in this study. Results reaffirm the need to further explore the mechanisms through which ethnic density exerts its salubrious effect on immigrant youth mental health.

AB - Depression rates rise in adolescence and the prevalence of depression is higher among Latino adolescents than other race/ethnic groups. Ethnic density among immigrant populations is associated with better health and mental health outcomes among adults, but little is known about its effects among adolescents or its mechanisms. This study examines the pathways by which immigrant density may affect mental health outcomes among Latino youth. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), we drew a sample of 2,678 Hispanic youth. Multivariate multilevel logistic regression analyses found that Latino immigrant density predicted lower odds of depression among both male and female immigrant but not non-immigrant Latino adolescents. No mediating effects of neighborhood efficacy, perceived safety or perceived contentment were observed in this study. Results reaffirm the need to further explore the mechanisms through which ethnic density exerts its salubrious effect on immigrant youth mental health.

KW - Adolescent depression

KW - Ethnic density

KW - Ethnic enclaves

KW - Latino immigrants

KW - Neighborhood context

KW - Neighborhood processes

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84937520778&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84937520778&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10903-014-0029-4

DO - 10.1007/s10903-014-0029-4

M3 - Article

C2 - 24801717

AN - SCOPUS:84937520778

VL - 17

SP - 983

EP - 991

JO - Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

JF - Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

SN - 1557-1912

IS - 4

ER -