Long-term consequences of mothers’ and fathers’ wartime deployments: Protocol for a two-wave panel study

Shelley M. MacDermid Wadsworth, Dave Topp, Patricia Lester, Valerie Stander, Sharon L. Christ, Shawn Whiteman, Leanne Knobloch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Multiple adjustment difficulties have been associated with children’s exposure to recent parental wartime military deployments, but long-term consequences have not yet been systematically studied. This investigation will assess direct and indirect relationships between exposures to parental deployments early in life and later youth adjustment. Parents’ psychological health and family processes will be examined as mediators, and parents’ and children’s vulnerability and support will be examined as moderators. Archival data will be combined with new data gathered from two children and up to two parents in families where children will be aged 11 to 16 at the first data collection and will have experienced at least one parental deployment, for at least one child prior to age 6. Data are being gathered via telephone interviews and web-based surveys conducted twice one year apart. Outcomes are indicators of children’s social-emotional development, behavior, and academic performance. Notable features of this study include oversampling of female service members, inclusion of siblings, and inclusion of families of both veterans and currently serving members. This study has potentially important implications for schools, community organizations and health care providers serving current and future cohorts of military and veteran families.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0295007
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
JournalPloS one
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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