Long-lived staus and displaced leptons at the LHC

Jared A. Evans, Julia F Shelton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

As the majority of LHC searches are focused on prompt signatures, specific long-lived particles have the potential to be overlooked by the otherwise systematic new physics programs at ATLAS and CMS. While in many cases long-lived superparticles are now stringently constrained by existing exotic searches, we point out that the highly motivated model of gauge mediation with staus as the next-to-lightest superparticle (NLSP) is relatively far less tested. We recast LHC searches for heavy stable charged particles, disappearing tracks, and opposite-flavor leptons with large impact parameters to assess current constraints on a variety of spectra that contain an NLSP stau, and find that portions of the parameter space motivated by naturalness are still experimentally unexplored. We additionally note a gap in the current experimental search program: same-flavor leptons with large impact parameters evade the suite of existing searches for long-lived objects. This gap is especially noteworthy as vetoes on displaced leptons in prompt new physics searches could be systematically discarding such events. We discuss several motivated models that can exhibit same-flavor displaced leptons: gauge mediation with co-NLSP sleptons, extended gauge mediation, R-parity violation, and lepton-flavored dark matter that freezes in during a matter-dominated era of the early universe. To address this gap, we propose a straightforward extension of the CMS search for leptons with large impact parameters, and project sensitivity to these scenarios at 13 TeV. Throughout this analysis, we highlight several methods whereby LHC searches for exotic long-lived objects could potentially improve their sensitivity to the displaced leptons originating from gauge mediation and beyond.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number056
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Volume2016
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 11 2016

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leptons
mediation
particle tracks
physics
sensitivity
dark matter
charged particles
parity
universe
signatures

Keywords

  • Supersymmetry phenomenology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Long-lived staus and displaced leptons at the LHC. / Evans, Jared A.; Shelton, Julia F.

In: Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2016, No. 4, 056, 11.04.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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