Local detection of dissolved sulfur species from inclusions in stainless steel using Ag microelectrode

E. G. Webb, C. H. Paik, R. C. Alkire

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The voltammetric response of silver was used to detect hydrosulfides produced from MnS inclusions in stainless steel (SS) 304 at different dissolution paths. Cyclic voltammetry was performed in aqueous solutions containing various sulfur species, such as sulfate, sulfite, thiosulfate, and hydrosulfide. Ag showed redox peaks only in hydrosulfide. An insulated Ag wire with an exposed end was inserted into a microelectrochemical cell that characterized a single MnS inclusion (20 ∼ 30 μm diam) on SS 304 dissolved over a range of potentials, at rest potential in acidic and neutral solutions, +0.2 and +0.4 VSCE in neutral solution. In an acidic 0.1 M Na2SO4 (pH 2) at the rest potential, the voltammetric response by Ag indicated the presence of hydrosulfides. In a neutral 0.1 M Na2SO4, at applied potentials of +0.2 and +0.4 VSCE, no voltammetric response by Ag was obtained. The measurements support a mechanism of MnS inclusion dissolution via two reaction paths. At low potentials in acidic conditions, the inclusions were found to dissolve chemically to form HS-, while at higher potentials and neutral pH, the inclusions were found to dissolve electrochemically.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)B15-B18
JournalElectrochemical and Solid-State Letters
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrochemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Local detection of dissolved sulfur species from inclusions in stainless steel using Ag microelectrode'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this