Liquid Redoxmers for Nonaqueous Redox Flow Batteries

Lily A. Robertson, Mohammad Afsar Uddin, Ilya A. Shkrob, Jeffrey S. Moore, Lu Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Redoxmers are organic active molecules storing electrochemical energy in nonaqueous redox flow batteries (NRFBs). Increasing the solubility of redoxmers is an important approach for increasing energy density of NRFBs as effective redoxmer concentration determines how much electricity can be stored in a given volume. Molecular engineering redoxmers towards liquid forms is regarded as one promising strategy as liquid redoxmers represent an extreme scenario where fluidity is maintained at maximum concentration using a minimum amount of supporting solvents. In this Perspective, recent examples of liquid redoxmers as well as their development strategy will be discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere202300043
Issue number14
StatePublished - Jul 21 2023


  • PEGylation
  • high energy density
  • liquid redoxmers
  • nonaqueous redox flow batteries
  • viscosity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Energy
  • General Materials Science
  • Environmental Chemistry


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