Liquefied strength ratio from liquefaction flow failure case histories

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The shear strength of liquefied soil, su(LIQ), mobilized during a liquefaction flow failure is normalized with respect to the vertical effective stress (σ′vo) prior to failure to evaluate the liquefied strength ratio, su(LIQ)/σ′vo. Liquefied strength ratios mobilized during 33 cases of liquefaction flow failure are estimated using a procedure developed to directly back-analyze the liquefied strength ratio. In ten cases, sufficient data regarding the flow slide are available to incorporate the kinetics, i.e., momentum, of failure in the back-analysis. Using liquefied strength ratios back-calculated from case histories, relationships between liquefied strength ratio and normalized standard penetration test blowcount and cone penetration test tip resistance are proposed. These relationships indicate approximately linear correlations between liquefied strength ratio and penetration resistance up to values of qc1 and (N1)60 of 6.5 MPa and 12 blows/ft (i.e., blows/0.3 m), respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)629-647
Number of pages19
JournalCanadian Geotechnical Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Flow failure
  • Kinetics
  • Liquefaction
  • Liquefied shear strength
  • Penetration resistance
  • Stability analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


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