Liquefaction behaviour of Kolubara soft brown coal

Dragomir K. Vitorović, Bogdan R. Aleksić, Marko D. Ercegovac, Bojana D. Aleksić, Svetlana I. Kontorovič, Branislav Ž Marković, Olga G. Cvetković, Svetlana M. Mitrovski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The behaviour of Kolubara soft brown coal during direct liquefaction by catalytic hydrogenation was studied and was compared with the Banovići brown coal investigated previously. A sample of washed and dried coal was ground dry, or was ground in the presence of different liquids. Addition of water during grinding resulted in a somewhat coarser granular composition, while n-heptane did not have a noticeable effect. High reactivity of the soft brown coal, which initially was indicated by thermal analysis, was confirmed by high yields of liquid products, particularly of oils soluble in n-heptane. The solid liquefaction residues did not contain pyrolytic carbon and cenospheres, and contained a low proportion of humoplasts indicating the high liquefaction efficiency of the coal in spite of its high content of xylite.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1757-1765
Number of pages9
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1994
Externally publishedYes


  • brown coal
  • hydrogenation
  • liquefaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry


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