Lineage-specific SoxR-mediated regulation of an endoribonuclease protects non-enteric bacteria from redox-active compounds

Jisun Kim, Chulwoo Park, James A. Imlay, Woojun Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Bacteria use redox-sensitive transcription factors to coordinate responses to redox stress. The [2Fe-2S] cluster-containing transcription factor SoxR is particularly tuned to protect cells against redox-active compounds (RACs). In enteric bacteria, SoxR is paired with a second transcription factor, SoxS, that activates downstream effectors. However, SoxS is absent in nonenteric bacteria, raising questions as to how SoxR functions. Here, we first show that SoxR of Acinetobacter oleivorans displayed similar activation profiles in response to RACs as did its homolog from Escherichia coli but controlled a different set of target genes, including sinE, which encodes an endoribonuclease. Expression, gel mobility shift, and mutational analyses indicated that sinE is a direct target of SoxR. Redox potentials and permeability of RACs determined optimal sinE induction. Bioinformatics suggested that only a few γ- and β-proteobacteria might have SoxR-regulated sinE. Purified SinE, in the presence ofMg2+ ions, degrades rRNAs, thus inhibiting protein synthesis. Similarly, pretreatment of cells with RACs demonstrated a role for SinE in promoting persistence in the presence of antibiotics that inhibit protein synthesis. Our data improve our understanding of the physiology of soil microorganisms by suggesting that both non-enteric SoxR and its target SinE play protective roles in the presence of RACs and antibiotics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-133
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 6 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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