Limiting Order of Amino Acids in a Low-Protein Corn-Soybean Meal-Whey-Based Diet for Nursery Pigs

Ioannis Mavromichalis, Douglas M. Webel, Jason L. Emmert, Ronny L. Moser, David H. Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Three trials were carried out with pigs between 5 and 8 wk of age to determine the limiting order of amino acids in a 13.5% CP cornsoybean meal-based diet containing 8% dried whey. The positive-control diet was a 19.2% CP corn-soybean meal-based diet (1.15% lysine), also with 8% dried whey. Amino acid additions to the low-protein, negative-control diet were based on levels needed to accomplish 110% of ideal ratios (to lysine, set at 1.15%). In Exp. 1, the addition of an amino acid mixture containing Lys, Trp, Thr, Met, Ile, and Val to the low-protein diet increased (P <.05) gain and gain: feed ratio, and these response traits were not different from those of pigs fed the 19.2% CP positive-control diet. Single deletion of Lys from the supplemental amino acid mixture depressed performance to a greater (P <.05) extent than single deletion of any of the other amino acids. Single deletions of Trp, Thr, Met, or Val decreased (P < .05) performance in a similar but lesser magnitude than the decrease caused by Lys deletion, whereas Ile deletion was without effect. Experiments 2 and 3 were designed to evaluate the limiting order of AA beyond Lys in the low-protein diet. Neither His nor Glu were found to be deficient, and, as in Exp. 1, deletion of Trp, Thr, Met, or Val from the supplemental amino acid mixture resulted in performance depressions (P < .05) that were similar. The results suggest that Lys is first-limiting and Trp, Thr, Met, and Val are equally second-limiting in a reduced protein (13.5% CP) corn-soybean meal-based diet with 8% whey for 10-kg pigs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2833-2837
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of animal science
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Diets
  • Lysine
  • Methionine
  • Threonine
  • Tryptophan
  • Valine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics


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