Liking More Means Doing More: Dispositional Attitudes Predict Patterns of General Action

Justin Hepler, Dolores Albarracin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Dispositional attitudes are an individual difference in the tendency to form positive versus negative attitudes. As positive (negative) attitudes promote active (inactive) responses to stimuli, we predicted that dispositional attitudes would be positively correlated with patterns of general action. In Study 1, participants reported all activities they engaged in during a 1-week period using a structured time use survey. Dispositional attitudes were positively correlated with the number of unique behaviors participants engaged in and with the total number of behaviors reported for the entire week. Study 2 replicated Study 1 using a free response time use survey. Overall, the results demonstrated that dispositional attitudes predict general action, such that the tendency to form positive (negative) attitudes predicts the tendency to engage in many (few) behaviors in daily life. This pattern occurred for both low effort and high effort behaviors. Implications for understanding activity patterns are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)391-398
Number of pages8
JournalSocial Psychology
Volume45
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Action
  • Attitudes
  • Behavior
  • Dispositional attitudes
  • Motivation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Psychology(all)

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