Lignocellulosic biomass feedstock transportation alternatives, logistics, equipment configurations, and modeling

Zewei Miao, Yogendra Shastri, Tony E. Grift, Alan C. Hansen, K. C. Ting

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Lignocellulosic biomass feedstock transportation bridges biomass production, transformation, and conversion into a complete bioenergy system. Transportation and associated logistics account for a major portion of the total feedstock supply cost and energy consumption, and therefore improvements in transportation can substantially improve the cost-competitiveness of the bioenergy sector as a whole. The biomass form, intended end use, supply and demand locations, and equipment and facility availability further affect the performance of the transportation system. The sustainability of the delivery system thus requires optimized logistic chains, cost-effective transportation alternatives, standardized facility design and equipment configurations, efficient regulations, and environmental impact analysis. These issues have been studied rigorously in the last decade. It is therefore prudent to comprehensively review the existing literature, which can then support systematic design of a feedstock transportation system. The paper reviews the major transportation alternatives and logistics and the implementation of those for various types of energy crops such as energy grasses, short-rotation woody coppices, and agricultural residue. It emphasizes the importance of performance-based equipment configuration, standard regulations, and rules for calculating transport cost of delivery systems. Finally, the principles, approaches, and further direction of lignocellulosic feedstock transportation modeling are reviewed and analyzed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)351-362
Number of pages12
JournalBiofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2012


  • Bioenergy
  • Feedstock delivery systems
  • Mechanical pre-processing and handling
  • Performance-based standard and regulations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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