Lightning under water: Diverse reactive environments and evidence of synergistic effects for material treatment and activation

Igor Levchenko, Kateryna Bazaka, Oleg Baranov, R. Mohan Sankaran, Alexandre Nomine, Thierry Belmonte, Shuyan Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

This focused review aims to reveal and illustrate some unique features of processes triggered by high-density energy applied to liquids and gas-liquid interfaces and to highlight a wide spectrum of their technological applications capable of producing various advantageous effects, ranging from nanosynthesis to biological and medical applications. Plasma, electric discharges, laser, and ultrasound power effects were selected as representative examples of high-density energy and liquid interactions, yet the available possibilities are not limited by these quite different types of power and thus the reader could extrapolate the outlined features and effects to other kinds of powerful impacts. The basic physical mechanisms are briefly reviewed with the aim to familiarize the readers with the potential capabilities of high-density energy processes in liquids. These will be of direct interest to researchers tasked with the development, optimization, and characterization of processes and highly reactive environments for highly controlled transformation of matter in abiotic and biological systems. It could also be highly useful for under- and post-graduate students specializing in the related fields and general physical audience involved in various plasma, materials, energy conversion, and other concurrent research activities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number021103
JournalApplied Physics Reviews
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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