Ligand-mediated assembly and real-time cellular dynamics of estrogen receptor α-coactivator complexes in living cells

David L. Stenoien, Anne C. Nye, Maureen G. Mancini, Kavita Patel, Martin Dutertre, Bert W. O'Malley, Carolyn L. Smith, Andrew S. Belmont, Michael A. Mancini

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Studies with live cells demonstrate that agonist and antagonist rapidly (within minutes) modulate the subnuclear dynamics of estrogen receptor α (ER) and steroid receptor coactivator 1 (SRC-1). A functional cyan fluorescent protein (CFP)-tagged lac repressor-ER chimera (CFP-LacER) was used in live cells to discretely immobilize ER on stably integrated lac operator arrays to study recruitment of yellow fluorescent protein (YFP)-steroid receptor coactivators (YFP-SRC-1 and YFP-CREB binding protein [CBP]). In the absence of ligand, YFP-SRC-1 is found dispersed throughout the nucleoplasm, with a surprisingly high accumulation on the CFP-LacER arrays. Agonist addition results in the rapid (within minutes) recruitment of nucleoplasmic YFP-SRC-1, while antagonist additions diminish YFP-SRC-1-CFP-LacER associations. Less ligand-independent colocalization is observed with CFP-LacER and YFP-CBP, but agonist-induced recruitment occurs within minutes. The agonist-induced recruitment of coactivators requires helix 12 and critical residues in the ER-SRC-1 interaction surface, but not the F, AF-1, or DNA binding domains. Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching indicates that YFP-SRC-1, YFP-CBP, and CFP-LacER complexes undergo rapid (within seconds) molecular exchange even in the presence of an agonist. Taken together, these data suggest a dynamic view of receptor-coregulator interactions that is now amenable to real-time study in living cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4404-4412
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Issue number13
StatePublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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