Life history correlates of vocational needs for a female adult sample

James B. Rounds, René V. Dawis, Lloyd H. Lofquist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


According to vocational theory and practice, a relationship exists between vocational needs and life history developmental/experiential factors. A test of this hypothesis was conducted using self-report biodata and measured vocational needs. A 211-item Biographical Information Form (BIF) and the Minnesota Importance Questionnaire (MIQ) were administered to 290 female adults (median age 29 yrs). A weighted BIF was developed to predict scores on each of the 20 MIQ need scales. Using a double cross-validation design, significant average validities were obtained for 19 of the 20 vocational need scales, ranging from .13 to .47, with a median of .35. The female prediction equations failed to generalize to a male sample (N = 100), with only 1 of the 20 MIQ subscale prediction equations being validated. Further analysis showed the practical utility of the BIF as a substitute measure of vocational needs for this female sample. Implications for counseling practice and work adjustment theory are discussed. (40 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)487-496
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Counseling Psychology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1979
Externally publishedYes


  • life history developmental/experiential factors, vocational needs, female adults, counseling implications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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