Life history and morphological plasticity of the soybean aphid, Aphis glycines

Matthew L. Richardson, Doris M. Lagos, Robert F. Mitchell, Glen L. Hartman, David Voegtlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is a pest of soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr. (Fabaceae), from eastern Asia that was first reported in North America in 2000. The influence of temperature on plasticity of life history and morphological traits of the soybean aphid has not been tested despite observable differences in population growth and morphology among isolates in laboratory colonies. Therefore, we used three isolates of the aphid to test whether lifespan, growth rate, fecundity, and morphology were plastic at 16, 24, and 28°C. Population size of the aphid was influenced by temperature, probably because two reproductive traits, maximum number of offspring in 1day and total fecundity, were plastic and increased in successive generations at 24°C. All morphological traits were plastic, including lengths of body parts, number of antennal segments and caudal hairs, and color of siphunculi and body, and they were differentially influenced by isolate and temperature. Knowledge about the life history and morphology of the soybean aphid may help identify its capacity for phenotypic plasticity in heterogeneous temperatures and identify how temperature influences its survival, population growth, and diversity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-145
Number of pages7
JournalEntomologia Experimentalis et Applicata
Volume140
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2011

Keywords

  • Antennal segments
  • Aphididae
  • Body color
  • Caudal hairs
  • Fabaceae
  • Fecundity
  • Glycine max
  • Growth rate
  • Hemiptera
  • Lifespan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Insect Science

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