Lexical Neighborhood Test: Test-retest reliability and interlist equivalency

Karen Kirk, Laurie S. Eisenberg, A S Martinez, Marcia Hay-McCutcheonc

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study examined the reliability and interlist equivalency of two new recorded spoken word recognition measures, the Lexical Neighborhood Test (LNT) and the Multisyllabic Lexical Neighborhood Test (MLNT), and evaluated the effects of lexical difficulty on spoken word recognition by children with hearing loss. Participants were 16 children with prelingual, pro-found deafness who used a cochlear implant. Test-retest reliability was high and no significant interlist differences were observed for both measures. In addition, we found that lexically "easy" words (i.e., those that occur often and have few phonemically words with which they are similar) were recognized correctly more often than lexically "hard" words (i.e., those with opposite characteristics). The results demonstrate that the LNT and MLNT provide reliable information about the spoken word recognition abilities of children with profound hearing loss who use cochlear implants. In addition, these new measures also provide more detailed information about the way in which these children organize and access spoken words from long-term lexical memory.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-123
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Audiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Children
  • spoken word recognition
  • hearing loss
  • cochlear implants

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